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Bridging the Innovation Gap in Russia

Опубликовано на портале: 23-01-2003
Europe: OECD, 1998
This publication contains a summary report of the presentations and discussions held at the Seminar. It has been prepared by the Rapporteurs, Jack Martens, a consultant based in the United States, and Alexander Dynkin, Deputy Director of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO) in Moscow. It also includes a background document prepared by the Russian Ministry of Industry, Science and Technologies on the role of the state in creating a favourable environment for innovation. The reports show that, in spite of considerable achievements in the recent past in building the groundwork for Russias innovation system, the innovation climate still needs drastic improvements. Comprehensive institutional reforms are required, including in areas outside the remit of policy makers in technology and innovation. A lot can be learned, in that respect, from the experience of other countries.


Summary Report of the Seminar
Introduction
Current status of Russias innovative activity and innovation climate
The role of overnment
Institutional and policy frameworks
Best practices
Business environment and entrepreneurship
Intellectual property rights
Human resources for innovation
Closing remarks
Background Document: Role of the State in Creating a Favourable Innovation Climate in Russia
Introduction

Part I: Innovative Activity and the Innovation Climate in Russia: Current Status

Current status of innovation in Russia
The business community
Small innovative businesses and ventures
The co-operation and integration processes
The science system
Patenting
Foreign trade in intellectual property
Fostering an innovation climate
Reasons for the stagnation of innovative activity: Preliminary conclusions
Major outstanding problems related to stabilisation
Major outstanding problems related to the creation of a competitive environment
Major outstanding problems related to market institutions and the innovation process
Major outstanding problems related to management
Part II: Development of Russias Innovative Capacity: Guidelines and Targets

Guidelines for enhancing innovation in Russia
Improving Russias innovation climate: tasks and measures
Putting the economy in order
Fiscal-based support
Promoting competition
Preparing the emergence and rapid development of small high-tech businesses
Leveraging venture capital
Access to finance and credit
Developing human resources
Protection of intellectual property rights
Mechanisms of innovation-based co-operation
Adopting world-class standards
Enhancing the science system
Facilitating the diffusion of knowledge
Reaping the benefits of globalisation

Annex: Programme of the Helsinki Seminar on Innovation Policy and the Valorisation of Science and Technology in Russia
List of Participants

Tables
Table 1. Global R&D expenditures by the main sources of funds, 1995 and 1999
Table 2. Distribution of R&D researchers by category of personnel
Table 3. R&D structure (percentages)

Figures
Figure 1. Global R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP, 1990-99
Figure 2. The innovation barrier: government intervention
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