Этот отчет Национального Комитета по Изучению Высшего Образования в Великобритании
посвящен ожиданиям и опыту студентов в сфере высшего образования. Цель исследования
- изучить взгляды студентов на качество их университетского опыта и то, в какой мере
этот опыт соответствует их ожиданиям.
Background to the research
1 The National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education
was set up to make recommendations on the future of higher education. It commissioned
the Policy Studies Institute (PSI) to conduct a series of studies of the attitudes,
experiences and expectations of students and staff in higher education today. This
report focuses on students' expectations and experiences of higher education.1
Aim of the research
The research aimed to examine the views of students on the quality of their university
experience and the extent to which it meets their expectations.
The research consisted of a postal survey of a nationally representative sample of
full and part-time students attending higher education institutions during the 1996/97
academic year. Only students in their second year and above were surveyed.
4 The survey was conducted between November
1996 and January 1997. A total of 1,270 usable questionnaires were received and the
response rate was 63 per cent.
The students surveyed
There were some striking differences between students doing full-time and part-time
courses in terms of their personal characteristics, the institutions they were attending
and the courses they were following. Together, these differences form an important
context for understanding the findings of this study.
6 The key differences in students' personal
- age - the majority (76%) of full-time students were under 21 years old when they
started their course while the majority (79%) of part-timers were over 25 years old;
- marital status and children - far more full-time than part-time students were
single and had no children;
- employment - 90 per cent of part-timers were working while studying and nearly
all were in full-time jobs.
7 The key differences in the type of
institution and courses attended were:
- institution and qualification - full-time students were more likely than part-time
students to be attending 'pre-1992 universities' and pursuing a degree course;
- subject studied - slightly higher proportions of full-time than part-time students
were studying sciences, social sciences, and the creative arts. The converse was
true for all other major disciplines.