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Report №2: Full and part-time students in higher education: their experiences and expectations

Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
1997
Этот отчет Национального Комитета по Изучению Высшего Образования в Великобритании посвящен ожиданиям и опыту студентов в сфере высшего образования. Цель исследования - изучить взгляды студентов на качество их университетского опыта и то, в какой мере этот опыт соответствует их ожиданиям.

Introduction

Background to the research
1 The National Committee of Inquiry into Higher Education was set up to make recommendations on the future of higher education. It commissioned the Policy Studies Institute (PSI) to conduct a series of studies of the attitudes, experiences and expectations of students and staff in higher education today. This report focuses on students' expectations and experiences of higher education.1

Aim of the research
2 The research aimed to examine the views of students on the quality of their university experience and the extent to which it meets their expectations.

Methodology
3 The research consisted of a postal survey of a nationally representative sample of full and part-time students attending higher education institutions during the 1996/97 academic year. Only students in their second year and above were surveyed.

4 The survey was conducted between November 1996 and January 1997. A total of 1,270 usable questionnaires were received and the response rate was 63 per cent.

The students surveyed
5 There were some striking differences between students doing full-time and part-time courses in terms of their personal characteristics, the institutions they were attending and the courses they were following. Together, these differences form an important context for understanding the findings of this study.

6 The key differences in students' personal characteristics were:

  • age - the majority (76%) of full-time students were under 21 years old when they started their course while the majority (79%) of part-timers were over 25 years old;
  • marital status and children - far more full-time than part-time students were single and had no children;
  • employment - 90 per cent of part-timers were working while studying and nearly all were in full-time jobs.

7 The key differences in the type of institution and courses attended were:

  • institution and qualification - full-time students were more likely than part-time students to be attending 'pre-1992 universities' and pursuing a degree course;
  • subject studied - slightly higher proportions of full-time than part-time students were studying sciences, social sciences, and the creative arts. The converse was true for all other major disciplines.