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The Globalization Reader

Опубликовано на портале: 25-02-2004
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2000, 411 с.
Хрестоматия задумана в качестве развернутого объяснения сущности процессов глобализации и их значения. При этом авторы исходят из того, что несмотря на существование самых различных точек зрения относительно того, что следует понимать под глобализацией, и необычайной широты данного понятия, само по себе оно продолжает оставаться достаточно функциональным, поскольку по большому счету все, кто его использует, сходятся по крайней мере в одном: наш мир меняется. Авторы статей сборника обсуждают такие вопросы, как объем понятия "глобализация"; полемизируют относительно того, является ли глобализация новым феноменом, или же она берет свое начало с момента возникновения человечества как такового; рассматривают движущие силы глобализации в сферах экономики, политики, культуры, повседневной жизни; проблематизируют взаимосвязь глобального и локального, оценивают положительные и отрицательные стороны глобализационных процессов.

Contents

Sources and Acknowledgments ix
General Introduction by Frank J. Lechner and John Boli 1

Part I Debating Globalization

Introduction 7
1 Why this Hatred of the Market? 9
Martin Wolf
2 The Moral Case for Globalization 12
Peter Martin
3 To Save Society 14
Bernard Cassen
4 When Market Journalism Invades the World 17
Serge Halimi
5 Jihad vs. McWorld 21
Benjamin Barber
6 The Clash of Civilizations? 27
Samuel P. Huntington
7 Grassroots Globalization: Reclaiming the Blue Planet 34
Joshua Karliner
8 A Global Ethic as a Foundation for Global Society 39
Hans Kung

Part II Explaining Globalization
Introduction 49
9 The World Unified 52
£. J. Hobsbawm
10 The Rise and Future Demise of the World Capitalist System 57
Immanuel Wallerstein
11 Sociology of the Global System 64
Leslie Sklair
12 Whose City Is It? Globalization and the Formation of New Claims 70
Saskia Sassen
13 Realism and Complex Interdependence 77
Robert 0. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye
14 World Society and the Nation-State 84
John W. Meyer, John Boli, George M. Thomas, and Francisco 0. Ramirez
15 Humanity, Globalization, and Worldwide Religious Resurgence 93
Roland Robertson and JoAnn Chirico
16 Globalization as Hybridization 99
Jan Nederveen Pieterse

Part III Experiencing Globalization

Introduction 109
17 Bali: On Prospero's Isle/The Philippines: Born in the USA 111
Pico lyer
18 Travelling Beyond Local Cultures 118
Martin Albrow
19 Strong States, Strong Teachers? 126
Bruce Fuller
20 Time-Space Compression and the Rise of Modernism as a Cultural Force 134
David Harvey

Part IV Economic Globalization

Introduction 145
21 Wawasan 2020 148
William Greider
22 Commodity Chains and Marketing Strategies:
Nike and the Global Athletic Footwear Industry 155
Miguel Korzeniewicz
23 The Joys of Global Investment 167
Ted C. Fishman
24 Gender and Poverty: An Analysis for Action 172
Lourdes Beneria and Savitri Bisnath
25 Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs? 177
Matthew J. Slaughter and Phillip Swagel
26 Globaphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trade 181
Gary Burtless, Robert Z. Lawrence, Robert E. Litan, and Robert J. Shapiro
27 AI on Human Rights and Labor Rights 187
Amnesty International

Part V Political Globalization I: The Demise of the Nation-State?

Introduction 195
28 The Determination of Statehood 199
Connie L. McNeely
29 The End of the Nation State 207
Kenichi Ohmae
30 The Commanding Heights: The Battle Between Government and the Marketplace
that is Remaking the Modern World 212
Daniel Yergin and Joseph Stanislaw
31 Has Globalizarion Gone Too Far? 221
Dani Rodrik
32 Partisan Politics in the Global Economy 227
Geoffrey Garrett
33 Seven Common Misunderstandings about the WTO 236
World Trade Organization

Part VI Political Globalization II: Reorganizing the World

Introduction 243
34 The Globalization of Democracy 246
Larry Diamond
35 The Emergence and Transformation of the International Women's Movement 255
Nitza Berkovitch
36 Beijing Declaration 259
UN Fourth World Conference on Women
37 World Culture in the World Polity: A Century of International
Non-Governmental Organization 262
John Boh and George M. Thomas
38 The UN's Roles in International Society since 1945 269
Adam Roberts and Benedict Kingsbury
39 Peace, Security, and Humanitarian Action 275
Sadako Ogata

Part VII Cultural Globalization I: The Role of Media

Introduction 283
40 The New International Information Order 286
Sean MacBride and Colleen Roach
41 Covering the World 293
Lewis A. Friedland
42 Peripheral Vision 301
John Sinclair, Elizabeth Jacka, and Stuart Cunningham
43 Cultural Imperialism 307
John Tomlinson

Part VIII Cultural Globalization II: Constructing Identities

Introduction 319
44 Disjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy 322
Arjun Appadurai
45 Scenarios for Peripheral Cultures 331
Ulf Hannerz
46 Global Fundamentalism 338
Frank J. Lechner
47 The Fundamentalist Impact on Law, Politics, and the Constitution in Iran 342
Ann Elizabeth Mayer
48 Obedience versus Autonomy: Women and Fundamentalism in Iran and Pakistan 350
Shahia Haeri
49 Islamic Fundamentalism in Iran and the Discourse of Development 359
Majid Tehranian

Part IX Changing World Society: Environmentalism and the Globalization of Social Problems
Introduction 371
50 From One Earth to One World 374
World Commission on Environment and Development
51 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 381
UN Conference on Environment and Development
52 Greenpeace and Political Globalism 385
Paul Wapner
53 Environmental Advocacy Networks 392
Margaret E. Keck and Kathryn Sikkink
54 Building Political Will after UNCED: Earth Action International 400
Jackie Smith
Index 407
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