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Farm household decisions under various tax policies: comparative static results and evidence from household data/ доклад на 25 конференции IAAE, Reshaping Agriculture’s Contribution to Society, International Convention Centre, Durban, South Africa, 16-23 August 2003

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
2003
The study is devoted to the comparative static analysis and econometric estimation of farm household decisions under both standard and agricultural taxes. Accounting for labor market constraints a non- separable model is constructed implying increasing per-unit costs of accessing labor markets. To control for tax-induced adjustments related to labor market imperfections we compare the results to those derived from a separable approach, assuming perfect labor markets. Theoretical results suggest that most tax-induced responses are ambivalent mainly caused by shadow prices effects. Further, tax-induced effects differ between the two model versions. In particular standard taxes may imply production adjustments in the case of non- separability.

Thus, income and value-added taxes are no more necessarily superior to agricultural taxes. Econometric analysis using individual household data from Mid-West Poland indicates remarkable responses to market surplus and input taxes. In contrast, standard and land taxes imply only negligible production adjustments. Thus, they seem to be superior, at least in the Polish case.

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См. также:
Lans Arij Bovenberg, Lawrence H. Goulder
National Tax Journal. 1997.  Vol. 50. No. 1.
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Paul Hill, John S. Nix
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Nouriel Roubini
Journal of Money, Credit, and Banking. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 4. P. 721-744. 
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