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The Social History of Language

Опубликовано на портале: 27-03-2004
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 1987, 236 с.
Сборник представляет собой эссе социальных историков Британии, Франции и Италии с 16 по 20 вв. Авторы обращают внимание на язык всех социальных измерений и групп. Отмечается, что в последние годы социальные историки открыли направление, которое может быть названо "лингвистическим измерением" этой дисциплины, социолингвисты обнаружили "историческое измерение", а историки языка - "социальное измерение". Их интерес к языку проявляется и как к источнику социальной истории, и как к историческому явлению самому по себе.

From Introduction:

... although languages are partially autonomous they cannot be understood without reference to the society in which they are spoken, and that society includes not only different social groups and their ways of life but the basic political, economic and technological structures as well. It might also be argued that social historians have a role to play in making people consciousness of this "hidden persuaders" thus bringing them into open.

From Proverbs and social history:

... it is the moral and educational role that comes first whether they [proverbs] are used informally in everyday life, or in formal instructions...Through proverbs, social norms are internalised and - the distinction is not a rigid one - enforced. If we speak about social control it is not only because of the content and purpose of proverbs but because they are social or public in their mode of operation, employing shame and embarrasment rather than guilt.
List of illustrations;
1. Introduction Peter Burke;
2. The uses of literacy in early modern Italy Peter Burke;
3. Proverbs and social history James Obelkevich;
4. The language of quackery in England, 1660–1800 Roy Porter;
5. Verbal insults in eighteenth-century Paris David Garrioch;
6. Le langage mâle de la vertu: women and the discourse of the French Revolution Dorinda Outram;
7. Words and institutions during the French Revolution: the case of ‘revolutionary’ scientific and technical education Janis Langins;
8. The sociology of a text: oral culture, literacy and print in early New Zealand D. F. McKenzie;
9. The historian and the Questione della Lingua Jonathan Steinberg; Bibliographical essay;