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Economic Incentives for Conserving Crop Genetic Diversity on Farms: Issues and Evidence / доклад на 24 конференции IAAE, Tomorrow’s Agriculture: Incentives, Institutions, Infrastructure and Innovations, Berlin, Germany, 13-18 August 2000

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Berlin, 2000
This paper organizes evidence on the problem of in situ conservation for rice, wheat, and maize around the decision-making criterion of the minimum viable reserve (Krutilla, 1967). Put simply, Krutilla argued that while technological change can compensate for the depletion of some stocks, amenities that members of post-industrial society (and developing societies) consume may be lost. Acknowledging that too little was known about the instrumental variables in this dynamic problem, he recommended the identification, based on scientific assessments, of a minimum reserve. He argued that these reservations should meet not only scientific purposes but also the demand for “esoteric” or recreational consumer tastes, such as the enjoyment of the existence of a grand scenic wonder. Similarly, though modern biological techniques can in some instances modify the size of the crop genetic resource stock, proponents of in situ conservation of cultivated crops would argue that certain alleles may be lost as the spatial pattern of crop varieties grown in the fields of the world’s farmers changes with economic development. Furthermore, some food-related amenities around which culture is now defined in local communities and “esoteric” (luxury) food attributes for which consumers in post-industrial societies could eventually be willing to pay may also disappear.

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