The sources of economic growth
Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2003
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000, 328 с.
Technological advance is the key driving force behind economic growth, argues Richard Nelson. Investments in physical and human capital contribute to growth largely as handmaidens to technological advance. Technological advance needs to be understood as an evolutionary process, depending much more on ex post selection and learning than on ex ante calculation. That is why it proceeds much more rapidly under conditions of competition than under monopoly or oligopoly.
Nelson also argues that an adequate theory of economic growth must incorporate institutional change explicitly. Drawing on a deep knowledge of economic and technological history as well as the tools of economic analysis, Nelson exposes the intimate connections among government policies, science-based universities, and the growth of technology. He compares national innovation systems, and explores both the rise of the United States as the world's premier technological power during the first two-thirds of the twentieth century and the diminishing of that lead as other countries have largely caught up. Lucid, wide-ranging, and accessible, the book examines the secrets of economic growth and why the U.S. economy has been anemic since the early 1970s.
Drawing on a deep knowledge of economic and technological history as well as on the tools of economic analysis, Richard Nelson describes the intimate connections among public policies, science-based universities, and the growth of technology. He compares national innovation systems, and explores both the rise of the United States as the world's premier technological power during the first two-thirds of the twentieth century and the diminishing of that lead as other countries have largely caught up.
Book compiles a collection of essays on economic growth, technical advance as the key driving force behind economic growth, and the social institutions that mold technical advance. Softcover. DLC: Economic development.
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- Research on Productivity Growth and Productivity Differences: Dead Ends and New Departures
- Capitalism as an Engine of Progress
Part II: Schumpeterian Competition
- Schumpeter and Contemporary Research on the Economics of Innovation
- Why Do Firms Differ, and How Does It Matter?
- On Limiting or Encouraging Rivalry in Technical Progress: The Effect of Patent-Scope
Part III: Science and Technical Advance
- The Role of Knowledge in R&D Efficiency
- The Link between Science and Invention: The Case of the Transistor
- American Universities and Technical Advance in Industry
Part IV: International Differences and International Convergence
- The Rise and Fall of American Technological Leadership: The Postwar Era in Historical Perspective
- National Innovation Systems: A Retrospective on a Study
Part I: A Perspective on Economic Growth and Technical Advance
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