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The author dichotomizes the democratic administration and bureaucratic administration. Bureaucratic administration, originated with Weber and Wilson, is associated with a system of "good" administration that is hierarchically ordered in a system of graded ranks subject to political direction by heads of departments at the center of government. The bureaucratic administration is assumed to produce efficient results and also makes the government responsible, as opposed to fragmented authority, in that it will be possible to show clearly who is the responsible when failures occurred. Democratic administration, according to Ostrom, is associated with fragmentation of authority and overlapping jurisdictions, and represents the opposite of bureaucratic administration based on unitary command of authority. To Ostrom, democratic administration, indulging fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions, is that what founding fathers of the United States deliberately envisioned. Ostrom believes that Wilsonian paradigm of bureaucratic administration has changed the nature of American public administration by leading to numerous reforms that aimed to strengthen the President and by overcoming "fragmented authority and overlapping jurisdictions" with the promise to "make the government more responsible and efficient in solving the problems of the society (i.e., war on poverty). Ostrom explains how the centralization of power in the Executive branch created unfortunate problems that have consumed the trust of citizens in government that divulges itself in the fact that half of the registered voters don't bother to voting any longer.

Preface
  1. The Crisis of Confidence
    • The Persistent Crisis in the Study of Public Administration
    • The Crisis as a Paradigm Problem
    • The Paradigm Problem in Public Administration
  2. The Intellectual Mainstream in American Public Administration
    • Wilson's Point of Departure
    • Weber's Theory of Bureaucracy
    • The Research Tradition in American Public Administration
    • Gulick's Anomalous Orthodoxy
    • Simon's Challenge
  3. The Work of the Contemporary Political Economists
    • Model of Man
    • Structure of Events
    • Decision-Making Arrangements
  4. A Theory of Democratic Administration: The Rejected Alternative
    • Some Anomalous Threads of Thought
    • Hamilton and Madison's Theory of Democratic Administration
    • Tocqueville's Analysis of Democratic Administration
  5. The Choice of Alternative Futures
    • Some Opportunity Costs in the Choice of Paradigm
    • A Science of Association as Knowledge of Form and Reform
    • The Use of Different Approaches to Policy Analysis
    • Conclusion
  6. The Continuing Constitutional Crises in American Government
    • Watergate as a Crisis in Constitutional Government
    • Extending Prerogatives and Abandoning Responsibilities
  7. Intellectual Crises and Beyond
    • The American Intellectual Crises
    • A Copernican Turn?
    • Challenging Ways of Thinking

    Notes

    References

    Index


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См. также:
Владимир Яковлевич Гельман
Общественные науки и современность. 2016.  № 1. С. 103-116. 
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