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Human Capital, Education, and Agriculture / доклад на 24 конференции IAAE, Tomorrow’s Agriculture: Incentives, Institutions, Infrastructure and Innovations, Berlin, Germany, 13-18 August 2000

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Berlin, 2000
The objective of this paper is to provide a review of the broad effects of education in agriculture and examine some of the prospects and potential for the future. Worldwide about one-half of the labor force continues to be employed in agriculture. In the low income countries which account for about 55 percent of the world’s population, the share of the labor force that is in agriculture exceeds 65 percent, but in developed countries which account for about 15 percent of the world’s population, the share of the labor force in agriculture is only 5 percent (World Bank 2000). In what are now the developed countries, the long-term increase in agricultural productivity associated with advances in knowledge has been a major factor in the long-term transformation from an agrarian to an urban-based, service-oriented society (Johnson 2000).

The essay will be organized as follows: a conceptual framework, a summary of empirical evidence, prospects for rapid changes, and conclusions.

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