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Agricultural Enterprise Restructuring in Russia, 1991-95: A Technical Efficiency Analysis / Russia’s Agro-Food Sector: Towards Truly Functioning Markets. Edited by P. Wehrheim, K. Frohberg, E. Serova, J. von Braun.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.

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