Male - Female Wage Growth, Occupational Segregation, and Technological Change / 15th Annual Conference of the European Society for Population Economics, Афины, 2001 г.
Опубликовано на портале: 26-10-2004
In this paper, authors investigate differences in entry wages, and wage growth for young male and female workers during their first 2 decades in the labour market. Their analysis looks at Germany, and consider skilled workers who all went through the German apprenticeship system. There is a line between jobs which are predominantly male, jobs which are predominantly female, and jobs which have fairly equal percentages of the two gender. Individuals choose either of these occupational categories. Results show that wage growth is steeper in female jobs for both males and females. This is in contrast to what life cycle models explaining job selection would predict. The explanation is that male jobs are traditionally blue collar jobs, while female jobs are predominantly service jobs. The technological changes over the passed two decades may have enhanced productivity more in the latter category.
human capital productivity заработная плата научно-технический прогресс продуктивность рост заработной платы человеческий капитал
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