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Cultural diversity in health and illness (the 6th edition)

Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
Изд-во: Prentice Hall, 2004
The author through discussions of her own experiences, shows how cultural heritage can affect delivery and acceptance of health care and how professionals, when interacting with their clients, need to be aware of these issues in order to deliver safe and professional care. Traditional and alternative health care beliefs and practices from Asian American, African American, Hispanic, and American Indian perspectives are represented.

First of all the author focuses on the background knowledge one must recognize as the foundation for developing cultural competency. In chapter 1 she explores the concept of cultural heritage and history and the roles they play in one's perception of health and illness. This exploration is first outlined in general terms: What is culture? How is it transmitted? What is ethnicity? What is religion? How do they affect a given person's health? What major sociocultural events occurred during the life trajectory of a given person that may influence their personal health beliefs and practices? Chapter 2 presents a discussion of the diversity—demographic, immigration, and poverty—that impacts on the delivery of and access to health care. The backgrounds of each of the U.S. Census Bureau's categories of the population, an overview of immigration, and an overview of issues relevant to poverty are presented. Chapter 3 reviews the provider's knowledge of his or her own perceptions, needs, and understanding of health and illness. After that R. Spector explores the domains of health, blends them with one's personal heritage, and contrasts them with allopathic philosophy. In chapter 4 she introduces the concept of health and develops the concept in broad and general terms. The Health Traditions Model is presented, as are natural methods of health restoration. Chapter 5 is devoted to the concept of healing and the role that faith plays in the context of healing, or magico-religious, traditions. This is an increasingly important issue, which is evolving to a point where the health care provider must have some understanding of this phenomenon. Chapter 6 discusses family heritage and explores personal and familial health traditions. It includes an array of familial health beliefs and practices shared by people from many different heritages. And chapter 7 focuses on the allopathic health care delivery system and the health care provider culture. Once the study of each of these components has been completed, the author moves on to explore selected population groups in more detail, to portray a panorama of traditional health and illness beliefs and practices, and present relevant health care issues.

Preface
Acknowledgments

Ch.1. Health Care 2000 - Meeting the Needs of a Multicultural Society
Ch.2. Health and Illness
Ch.3. Familial Folk Remedies
Ch.4. Culture, Health, and Illness
Ch.5. Health Care Delivery: Issues, Barriers, and Alternatives
Ch.6. Healing: Natural Traditions
Ch.7. Healing: Magicoreligious Traditions
Ch.8. The Influence of Demographics on Health Care
Ch.9. Health and Illness in African (Black) American Communities
Ch.10.Health and Illness in the American Indian, Aleut, and Eskimo Communities
Ch.11. Health and Illness in the Asian/Pacific Islander American Community
Ch.12. Health and Illness in European (White) American Communities
Ch.13. Health and Illness in Hispanic American Communities
Ch.14. The Use of Parteras in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas

Epilogue

Bibliography

Appendix I: Selected Key Terms Related to Cultural Diversity in Health and Illness
Appendix II: Suggested Course Outline
Appendix III: Suggested Course Activities
Appendix IV: Heritage Assessment Tool
Appendix V: Quick Guide for Cross-Cultural Nursing Care
Appendix VI: Data Resources
Appendix VII: NIH Office of Alternative Medicine
Appendix VIII: Networks: Selected Health-Related Organizations
- African (Black) American
- American Indian, Aleut, and Eskimo
- Asian/Pacific Islander
- Hispanic American
- Multicultural

Index

Ключевые слова

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