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Chinese Capitalism, 1522-1840

Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, cерия "Studies on the Chinese Economy", 560 с.
This book is a unique contribution by China's leading economic historians to the study of the country's economic history. It is an impressive summing-up of the evidence, collected over a period of more than twenty years, on the much debated question: Did capitalism emerge in China before the coming of the West? The immense historical sweep runs from the late Ming dynasty through the early and middle Qing period to the first Opium War in 1840. Evidence is presented of the existence (minimal in the case of agriculture) of embryonic capitalism in commerce and in nearly twenty branches of the handicraft industry. The production methods in each are briefly described, but the main focus is on the nature of capital, employment and the control of production. The book concludes with overviews of the reasons why the development of capitalism was weak and retarded, and discusses the role it nevertheless played in the Chinese economy in the subsequent period.

List of Tables

List of Illustrations

Note on the Translation

Imperial Reign Titles and Units of Weight and Measurement

Introduction; P.Nolan, S.Fennell & C.Bramall

Introductory Essay; Wu Chengming

PART ONE: CAPITALISM IN THE LATE MING; Wang Shixi

Agricultural Growth and Changing Relations of Production

Commodity Circulation and Merchant Capital

Decline of State Workshops

Silk Weaving in Suzhou and Hangzhou

The Iron Industry of Foshan, Guangdong

PART TWO: CAPITALISM IN AGRICULTURE IN THE EARLY AND MID ZING; Shi Qi & Fang Zhuofen

Agricultural Growth and the Spread of Cash Crops

Changes in Tenancy and the Hiring of Labour

Embryonic Capitalism in Agriculture

PART THREE: CAPITALISM IN THE HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY IN THE EARLY AND MIDDLE QING; Shi Qui & Wang Zhuofen

The Growth of Commodity Circulation and the Rise of Merchant Organisations

Tea, Tobacco, Distilling and Oil-pressing

Sugar Refining

Silk Weaving in Suzhou and Zhejiang

Cloth Processing in Suzhou and Songjiang

Paper Making, Printing and Publishing

The Shaanzi Timber Industry

PART FOUR: CAPITALISM IN THE HANDICRAFT INDUSTRY IN THE EARLY AND MIDDLE QING; Fang Zhuofen, Hu Tiewen, Jian Rui & Fang Xing

The Iron Industry

Copper Mining in Yunnan

Coal Mining in Boshan and Beijing

The Porcelain Industry of Jingdezhen

The Sichuan Salt Wells

Hedong Lake Salt and Huainan Sea Salt

Shanghai Maritime Shipping

PART FIVE: CONCLUSIONS

The Retarded Development of Capitalism; Fang Xing

The Historical Rôle of Embryonic Capitalism in China Notes

Bibliographies

Glossary

Index