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The Japanese Firm: Sources of Competitive Strength

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2007
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996, 424 с.
Masahiko Aoki and Ronald Dore have edited an authoritative account of the Japanese firm and the sources of its success, including contributions from some of the best, and best known, scholars in the field. The book represents an attempt to explain and understand aspects of the firm in the Japanese economic system, and to explain the corporate success of Japan. It is interdisciplinary in approach, containing both theoretical and empirical work, and has contributions from the fields of labour economics, comparative institutional analysis, information economics, finance, organizational theory, economic history, political science, and sociology. Chapters range from contemporary descriptions--of training (in overseas subsidiaries as well as Japan), of RandD structures, of product development practices, of finance and corporate governance, of trading relations, especially between small and large firms--to an historical overview of the evolution of Japanese management in the wartime planned economy. The book also situates Japan in the literature of economic analysis and in the on-going debate about trade-offs between equality and efficiency. The contemporary media would have us believe that the Japanese system of management--characterized by lifetime employment, emphasis on long-term, slow consensual decision-making, heavy investments in training, RandD, and quality, close inter-enterprise ties, and short rations for shareholders--is in crisis and about to change fundamentally. This book will enable the reader to decide just how solid the foundations of the Japanese enterprise system are, and to identify the rationale that lies behind it.

Introduction, Masahiko Aoki and Ronald Dore

1. The Japanese Firm as a System of Attributes: A Survey and Research Agenda, Masahiko Aoki

2. Learning and Incentive Systems in Japanese Industry, Kazuo Koike

3. Different Quality Paradigms and their Implications for Organizational Learning, Robert E. Cole

4. Training, Productivity, and Quality Control in Japanese Multinational Companies, Mari Sako

5. Co-ordination between Production and Distribution in a Globalizing Network of Firms: Assessing Flexibility Achieved in the Japanese Automobile Industry, Banri Asanuma

6. The Evolution of Japan's Industrial Research and Development, D. Eleanor Westney

7. R&D Organization in Japanese and American Semiconductor Firms, Daniel I. Okimoto and Yoshio Nishi

8. SMEs, Entry Barriers, and 'Strategic Alliances', D. Hugh Whittaker

9. Japanese Human Resource Management from the Viewpoint of Incentive Theory, Hideshi Itoh

10. Co-ordination, Specialization, and Incentives in Product Development Organization, Hideshi Itoh

11. The Economic Role of Corporate Grouping and the Main Bank System, Takeo Hoshi

12. Interlocking Shareholdings and Corporate Governance in Japan, Paul Sheard

13. The Japanese Firm under the Wartime Planned Economy, Tetsuji Okazaki

14. Equality-Efficiency Trade-offs: Japanese Perceptions and Choices, Ronald Dore