Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts

Introduction to Comparative Politics: Political Challenges and Changing Agendas

Опубликовано на портале: 28-07-2005
Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2003, 671 с.
Written by a distinguished group of comparativists, this innovative and accessible introductory text surveys 12 key countries organized according to their level of political development: established democracies, transitional democracies, and non-democracies. The country studies illuminate four comparative themes in a global context: the world of states, examining the interaction of states within the international order; governing the economy, covering the role of the state in economic management; the democratic idea, discussing the pressure for more democracy and the challenges of democratization; and the politics of collective identities, studying the political impact of diverse attachments and sources of group identity.

The theoretical framework developed in an expanded introduction provides a rich context for each country study, and clear prose makes the book accessible to students with little or no background in political science. Students will also benefit from the data sheet at the beginning of each chapter that includes basic demographic, socioeconomic, and political information, to aid in country comparisons. In addition, they can use the Geographic Setting sections in each chapter, as well as maps, tables, charts, photographs, and political cartoons to further their understanding of each country studied.

Рецензия Н.В. Романовского (Социологические исследования. 2004. № 10. С. 153-155): http://ecsocman.hse.ru/socis/msg/217216.html


PART 1. INTRODUCTION

I. INTRODUCING COMPARATIVE POLITICS

1. The Global Challenge of Comparative Politics
Globalization and Comparative Politics. – Making Sense of Turbulent Times.

2. What—and How—Comparative Politics Compares
Level of Analysis. – Casual Theories.

3. Themes for Comparative Analysis
Theme 1: A World of States. – Theme 2: Governing the Economy. – Theme 3: The Democratic Idea – Theme 4: The Politics of Collective Identity

4. Classifying Political Systems
Global Connection: How Is Development Measured?

5. Organization of the Text
The Making of the Modern State. – Political Economy and Development. – Governance and Policy-Making. – Representation and Participation. – Politics in Transition

PART 2. ESTABLISHED DEMOCRACIES

II. BRITAIN

1. The Making of the Modern British State
Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Seventeenth-Century Settlement; The Industrial Revolution and the British Empire; The Industrial Revolution; The British Empire. – Industrial Change and the Struggle for Voting Rights World Wars, Industrial Strife, and the Depression (1914–1945). – Collectivist Consensus (1945–1979). – Margaret Thatcher and the Enterprise Culture (1979–1990). – New Labour’s Third Way. – Blair’s Agenda for Britain. – Leaders: Tony Blair. – After September 11. – Themes and Implications. – Historical Junctures and Political Themes Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Economic Management. – The Consensus Era. – Thatcherite Policy Orientation. – New Labour’s Economic Policy Approach. – Political Implications of Economic Policy. – Social Policy. – The Welfare State Under Thatcher and Major. – New Labour Social Policy. – Society and Economy. – Inequality and Ethnic Minorities. – Inequality and Women. – Britain and the International Political Economy. – Economic Integration and Political Disintegration. – Making the Most of Globalization?

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – Cabinet Government. – Bureaucracy and Civil Service. – Public and Semipublic Institutions. – Nationalized Industries. – ondepartmental Public Bodies. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and the Police. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process/

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – House of Commons. – Institutional Intricacies: The Legislative Process. – House of Lords. – Reforms in Behavior and Structure. – Behavioral Changes: Backbench Dissent. – Structural Changes: Parliamentary Committees. – Political Parties and the Party System. – Labour Party. – Conservative Party. – Liberal Democrats and Other Parties. – Elections. – Electoral System. – Trends in Electoral Behavior. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Citizenship and National Identity. – Ethnicity. – Gender. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests. – Current Challenges: The Gender-Generation Gap.

5. British Politics in Transition
Citizen Action: The Fuel Crisis. – Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Constitutional Reform. – Identities in Flux. – European Integration. – Post–9/11: Britain’s Special Relationship with the United States. – British Politics in Comparative Perspective

III. FRANCE

1. The Making of the Modern French State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures. – Creating Modern France. – The Ancien Régime. – The Two Faces of the French Revolution, 1789–1815. – Many Regimes, Slow Industrialization: 1815–1940. – Vichy France (1940–1944) and the Fourth Republic (1946–1958). – The Fifth Republic (1958 to the Present). – The Le Pen Bombshell. – Leaders: Jean-Marie Le Pen. – France in the Euro Era. – Themes and Implications. – Historical Junctures and Political Themes. – Governing the Economy. – The Democratic Idea. – Politics of Collective Identity. – Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The New French Revolution. – Planning Dirigisme Under de Gaulle. – France’s Economic Miracle. – May 1968 and Beyond: Economic Crisis and Political Conflict. – Economic Instability. – French Socialism in Practice—and Conservative Aftermath. – France’s Neoliberal Modernization Strategy. – Privatization Deregulation and Liberalization. – Global Connection: France and the European Union. – The End of Dirigisme or Dirigiste Disengagement?. – Society and Economy. – Welfare State. – Inequality and Ethnic Minorities. – Inequality and Women. – The Generation Gap 1. – France and the International Political Economy. – Impact of the European Union. – France in the Global Economy.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The President. – Presidential Personalities. – The Constitutional Presidency. – The Political President. – The Prime Minister and Government. – Institutional Intricacies: Of Presidents and Prime Ministers. – Bureaucracy and Civil Service. – Semipublic Agencies. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and the Police. – The Judiciary and the Constitutional Council. – State Council. – The Economic and Social Council. – Subnational Government. – The European Dimension. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The Major Parties. – Union pour la majorité présidentielle. – Parti socialiste. – Small Parties. – Parti communiste français (PCF). – Front national (FN). – Les Verts (Greens). – Union des démocrates pour la France. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Citizenship and National Identity. – Ethnicity and Immigration. – Social Class. – Gender. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests. – Organized Interests. – Social Movements and Protest. – Citizen Action: French Trade Unions.

5. French Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – The Strikes of December 1995: May 1968 Redux?. – Oui to Roquefort Cheese, Non to Genetically Engineered Products. – The Challenge of Le Pen. – Muslim-Jewish Tensions. – Institutional Strains and New Issues and Sources of Partisan Conflict: Economy and Identity. – “It’s the Economy, Stupid”. – The Challenge of European and Global Integration. – French Politics in Comparative Perspective.

IV. GERMANY

1. The Making of the Modern German State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: Nationalism and German Unification (1806–1871); The Second Reich (1871–1918); The Weimar Republic (1918–1933); The Third Reich (1933–1945); A Divided Germany (1945–1990); The Challenge of German Unification (1990–1998); Germany in the Euro Era (1998– ). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The Role of the State Before 1945. – The Social Market Economy. – Welfare Provision. – Current Strains on the Social Market Economy. – Society and Economy. – Germany and the International Political Economy. – The European Union. – Germany in a Globalizing World.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Basic Law and Promoting Stability. – Government Institutions. – The Executive. – The Bureaucracy. – Semipublic Institutions. – Citizen Action: Co-Determination. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and Police. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – The Bundestag. – The Bundesrat. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The Social Democratic Party. – The Greens. – Leaders: Gerhard Schröder. – The Christian Democrats. – The Free Democratic Party. – The Party of Democratic Socialism. – Elections. – Institutional Intricacies: Proportional Representation and the Story of the German “Double Ballot”. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Current Challenges: The Complicated Politics of Immigration. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest.

5. German Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Global Connection: The EU and the Euro. – German Politics in Comparative Perspective.

V. JAPAN

1. The Making of the Modern Japanese State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: Ancient and Medieval Japan; The Tokugawa Shogunate (1603–1867); Japan in the Meiji-Taisho Era (1868–1925); Japan Under Military Rule and in War; The Allied Occupation (1945–1952); Contemporary Japan (1952 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Wars and Japanese Economic Development. – The State’s Role in the Economy. – Society and Economy. – The Private Sector. – Employment, Social Security, and Taxation. – Current Challenges: The Protracted Recession. – Japan and the International Political Economy. – The Trading State.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Japanese Monarchy and the Royal Family. – The Executive. – The Cabinet. – Leaders: Japan’s Royal Family. – The National Bureaucracy. – Institutional Intricacies: Vicissitudes of Bureaucratic Power and Pride. – Public and Semipublic Agencies. – Other State Institutions. – The Military. – Institutional Intricacies: Japan’s Self-Defense Forces. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest. – Energy and Environmental Issues. – Ethnic Minorities: Ainu, Outcastes, Koreans, and Immigrants. – Women’s Movement. – Japan: A Classless Society?

5. Japanese Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Japanese Politics in Comparative Perspective.

VI. INDIA

1. The Making of the Modern Indian State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Colonial Legacy (1757–1947); The Nationalist Movement (1885–1947). Leaders: Mahatma Gandhi; The Nehru Era (1947–1964). Leaders: The Nehru-Gandhi Dynasty; The Indira Gandhi Era (1966–1984); Coalition Governments and the Growth of the BJP (1989 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Governing the Economy; The Democratic Idea; The Politics of Collective Identity; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The Economy Under British Rule. – The Economy After Independence. – Economic Liberalization. – Reforms in Agriculture. – Social Welfare Policy. – Society and Economy. – India and the International Political Economy. – Institutional Intricacies: The Caste System.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The President and the Prime Minister. – The Cabinet. – The Bureaucracy. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and the Police. – The Judiciary. – Institutional Intricacies: The Executive Versus the Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The Congress Party. – The Janata Party. – The Bharatiya Janata (BJP). – The Communist Party of India (CPM). – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest.

5. Indian Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Challenges Agendas. – Kashmir Within a World of States. – The Effects of September 11. – Nuclear Power Status. – Civil Liberties. – The Challenge of Ethnic Diversity. – Economic Performance. – Indian Politics in Comparative Perspective.

VII. THE UNITED STATES

1. The Making of the Modern American State
Politics in Action. – Leaders: George Bush. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Revolutionary Era (1773–1789); The Civil War and Reconstruction (1861–1876). Institutional Intricacies: The Electoral College; The Neal Deal Era (1933–1940); Divided Government and Political Contestation of the Scope of Government (1968 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Society and Economy. – The United States and the International Political Economy.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The Presidency. – The Cabinet and the Bureaucracy. – Other State Institutions. – The Military. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – Elections. – Citizen Action: The Green Party. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest.

5. United States Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – United States Politics in Comparative Perspective. – Current Challenges: Incorporating Immigrants.

PART 3 DEVELOPING DEMOCRACIES

VIII. RUSSIA

1. The Making of the Modern Russian State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Decline of the Russian Tsarist State; The Bolshevik Revolution and the Establishment of Soviet Power (1917–1929); The Stalin Revolution (1929–1953); Attempts at De-Stalinization (1953–1985); Perestroika and Glasnost (1985–1991); Collapse of the USSR and the Emergence of the Russian Federation (1991 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Leaders: Boris Nikolaevich Yeltsin. – Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The Soviet Economic System. – State and Economy in the Russian Federation. – Society and Economy. – Soviet Social Policy. – Economic Reform and Russian Society. – Russian Political Culture and Economic Change. – Russia and the International Political Economy.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Soviet State. – Current Challenges: Russian Oligarchs: A New Ruling Class? – The New Russian State. – The Executive. – The National Bureaucracy. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and Security Organs. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process. Current Challenges: The Chechnya Crisis

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The Russian Left: The Communist Party of the Russian Federation. – Centrist Parties: Unity and the Fatherland-All Russia. – Yabloko and Other Liberal/Reform Parties. – Nationalist/Patriotic Parties. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests.

5. Russian Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Russia in the World of States. – Governing the Economy. – The Democratic Idea. – The Politics of Collective Identities. – Russian Politics in Comparative Perspective. – Global Connection: Joining the West or Aid Recipient?

IX. BRAZIL

1. The Making of the Modern Brazilian State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Brazilian Empire (1822–1889); The Old Republic (1889–1930); The 1930 Revolution. Leaders: Getúlio Dornelles Vargas; The Populist Republic (1945–1964); The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism (1964–1985); The Transition to Democracy and the First Civilian Governments (1974–2002). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The Environmental Costs of State-Led Growth. – The Fiscal System. – The Problem of Inflation. – Society and Economy. – The Welfare System. – Agrarian Reform. – Brazil and the International Political Economy. – Global Connection: Governing the Economy in a World of States: MERCOSUL.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The Bureaucracy: State and Semipublic Firms. – The Military and the Police. – Other State Institutions. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – Institutional Intricacies: Proportional Representation. – Citizen Action: The Workers’ Party. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest.

5. Brazilian Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Brazilian Politics in Comparative Perspective.

X. MEXICO

1. The Making of the Modern Mexican State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: Independence and Instability (1810–1876); The Porfiriato (1876–1911). Global Connection: Conquest or Encounter?; The Revolution of 1910 and the Sonoran Dynasty (1910–1934); Lázaro Cárdenas, Agrarian Reform, and the Workers (1934–1940); The Politics of Rapid Development (1940–1982); Crisis and Reform (1982 to the Present); Citizen Action: Rebellion in Chiapas. – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Import Substitution and Its Consequences. – Sowing the Oil and Reaping a Crisis. – New Strategies and Democratic Institutions. – Society and Economy. – Mexico and the International Political Economy. – Global Connection: NAFTA and Beyond.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The President and the Cabinet. – Leaders: Vicente Fox Quesada. – The Bureaucracy. – The Para-Statal Sector. – Other State Institutions. – The Military. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The PRI. – The PAN. – The PRD. – Other Parties. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests and Social Movements, and Protests. – Citizen Action: Urban Popular Movements.

5. Mexican Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Current Challenges: Human Rights in Mexico. – Mexican Politics in Comparative Perspective.

XI. NIGERIA

1. The Making of the Modern Nigerian State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Precolonial Period (800–1900); Colonial Rule and Its Impact (1860–1945); Divisive Identities: Ethnic Politics Under Colonialism (1945–1960); The First Republic (1960–1966); Civil War and Military Rule (1966–1979); The Second and Third Republics, and Predatory Military Rule (1979–1999); The Fourth Republic (1999 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Nigeria in the World of States: Oil Dependence and Decline; Governing Nigeria’s Economy; Democratic Ideas Amid Colonialism and Military Rule; Nigeria’s Fragile Collective Identity; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Origins of Economic Decline. – From 1985 to the Present: Deepening Economic Crisis and the Search for Solutions. – Structural Adjustment. – Global Connection: Structural Adjustment Programs. – Economic Planning. – Social Welfare. – Current Challenges: Vision 2010. – Society and Economy. – Ethnic and Religious Cleavages. – Gender Differences. – Nigeria and the International Political Economy. – Nigeria and the Regional Political Economy. – Nigeria and the Political Economy of the West.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The National Question and Constitutional Governance. – Federalism and State Structure The Executive. – Evolution of the Executive Function. – Current Challenges: Nigeria’s Federal Character. – The Executive Under Military Rule. – Current Challenges: Federalism in Nigeria. – The Obasanjo Administration. – The Bureaucracy. – Para-Statals. – Current Challenges: Prebendalism. – Other State Institutions. – The Judiciary. – State and Local Judiciaries. – State and Local Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – The Party System and Elections. – New Alignments: Abacha’s Ambition and Abubakar’s Promise. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Modernity Versus Traditionalism. – Religion. – The Press. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests. – Labor. – The Business Community. – Other Social Groups.

5. Nigerian Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Nigerian Politics in Comparative Perspective. – A World of States. – Governing the Economy. – The Democratic Idea. – Collective Identities.

PART 4. NON-DEMOCRACIES

XII. IRAN

1. The Making of the Modern Iranian State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: The Safavids (1501–1722). Background: Islam and Shi’ism; The Qajars (1794–1925); The Pahlavis (1925–1979); The Islamic Revolution (1979). Leaders: Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini; The Islamic Republic (1979 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
The Economy in the Nineteenth Century. – The Oil Economy. – Society and Economy. – Iran and the International Political Economy. – Under the Shah. – The Islamic Republic.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Supreme Leader. – The Executive. – The President and the Cabinet. – Leaders: Ayatollah Ali Khamenei. – The Bureaucracy. – Semipublic Institutions. – Leaders: Sayyid Muhammad Khatami. – Other State Institutions. The Military. – The Judiciary. – Leaders: Hojjat al-Islam Ali-Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Ali-Akbar. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – Elections: The First Majles (1980); The Second Majles (1984); The Third (1988), Fourth (1992), and Fifth (1996) Majleses; The Sixth Majles (2000). – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests.

5. Iranian Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Iranian Politics in Comparative Perspective.

XIII. CHINA

1. The Making of the Modern Chinese State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: From Empire to Republic (221 b.c.–1911 a.d); Warlords, Nationalists, and Communists (1912–1949); Mao in Power (1949–1976). Global Connection: The Republic of China on Taiwan; Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of Chinese Communism (1977–1997); From Revolutionary Leaders to Technocrats (1997 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; The World of States; Governing the Economy; The Democratic Idea The Politics of Collective Identity; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – The Maoist Economy. – China Goes to Market. – Remaking the Chinese Countryside. – The Political Impact of Economic Reform. – Current Challenges: China’s One-Child Policy. – Society and Economy. –China and the International Political Economy. – Global Connection: Hong Kong: From China to Britain—and Back Again.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – The Chinese Communist Party. – The Government of the PRC. – The Bureaucracy. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and the Police. – The Judiciary. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The Chinese Communist Party. – China’s Noncommunist Parties. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – From Communism to Consumerism. – Citizenship and National Identity. – China’s Non-Chinese Citizens. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests. – Current Challenges: Tibet and China. – Mechanisms of Social Control. – Protest and the Party-State.

5. Chinese Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Scenes from the Chinese Countryside. – Economic Management, Social Tension, and Political Legitimacy. – China and the Democratic Idea. – Chinese Politics in Comparative Perspective. – China as a Communist Party-State. – China as a Third World State.

XIV. SOUTH AFRICA

1. The Making of the Modern South African State
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: Settlement, 1688–1911; Dynamics of the Frontier, 1779–1906; Imperialist Against Republicans, 1867–1910; The Origins of Modern Institutionalized Racism, 1910–1945 Apartheid and African Resistance, 1945–1960; The Sharpeville Massacre and Grand Apartheid, 1960–1976; Generational Revolt and Political Reform, 1976–1990. Global Connection: Sanctions Movement; The South African Miracle, 1990–Present. – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes. Leaders: Nelson Mandela; South Africa in a World of States; Governing the Economy; The Democratic Idea; Collective Identity; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
State and Economy. – Labor Control and Protection. – Apartheid Economics. – A Racially Segmented Welfare State. – Liberalization and Deregulation. – Environmental Politics. – Society and Economy. – Social Inequality. – Poverty. – South Africa and the International Political Economy.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – Institutional Intricacies: The Truth and Reconciliation Commission. – The Executive. – Semipresidentialism. – Cabinet. – Regional Government. – Implications of Centralized Authority. – State Capacity. Leaders: Thabo Mbeki. – Other State Institutions. – The Judiciary. – Current Challenges: Provincial Perks. – Police South African National Defence Force. – Local Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – Lawmaking. – Parliamentary Assertiveness. – Executive Versus the Legislature: The Arms. – Contract Investigation. – Political Parties and the Party System. – The African National Congress. – Smaller Parties. – Electoral Trends. – The Democratic Party and Opposition Politics. – Elections. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protest.

5. South African Politics in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – Citizen Action: The Treatment Action Campaign. – South African Politics in Comparative Perspective.

XV. EAST-CENTRAL EUROPE

1. The Making of the Modern East-Central Europe
Politics in Action. – Geographic Setting. – Critical Junctures: Underdevelopment and Subordination (Fifteenth Century to World War I); Independence (1918–1939); The Beginnings of Communism (1945–1949); The Rebirth of Democracy (1956–1989); The Collapse of Communism (1989–1991); The Road to European Integration (1998 to the Present). – Themes and Implications: Historical Junctures and Political Themes; Implications for Comparative Politics.

2. Political Economy and Development
The Rise of the Peculiar Settlement. – Failure and Demise. – State and Economy. – Economy Management. – Institutional Intricacies: Shock Therapy in Practice. – Welfare State. – Society and Economy. – Inequality and Minorities. – Inequality and Women. – The Generation Gap. – East-Central Europe and the International Political Economy.

3. Governance and Policy-Making
Organization of the State. – The Executive. – Cabinet Government. – Bureaucracy and Civil Service. – Other State Institutions. – The Military and the Police. – The Judiciary. – Institutional Intricacies: Jan Kavan and the Perils of Lustration. – Subnational Government. – The Policy-Making Process.

4. Representation and Participation
The Legislature. – The Procedures of Lawmaking. – Parliamentarians. – Political Parties, the Party System, and Elections. – Hungary. – Poland. – Czech Republic. – Political Culture, Citizenship, and Identity. – Social Class. – Citizenship and Nationality. – Religion and Politics. – Ethnicity. – Gender. – Interests, Social Movements, and Protests.

5. East-Central Europe in Transition
Political Challenges and Changing Agendas. – East-Central European Politics in Comparative Perspective.

Ключевые слова

См. также:
Михаил Константинович Горшков, Владимир Васильевич Петухов
Социологические исследования. 2004.  № 8. С. 23-32. 
[Статья]
Timothy Colton, Michael McFall
Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2001.  № 4 (54). С. 13-26. 
[Статья]
Richard Rose, Neil Munro
[Книга]
Richard Sakwa
[Книга]
Отто Рудольфович Лацис, Дмитрий Е Фурман, В.Н. Дахин, Юрий Андреевич Красин, Виктор Леонидович Шейнис, М. Мендрас, Алла Евгеньевна Чирикова, Татьяна Евгеньевна Ворожейкина, Владимир Александрович Мау, А.Н. Клепач, Ростислав Исаакович Капелюшников, Илья Борисович Левин, Теодор Шанин, Галина Николаевна Соколова, Татьяна Михайловна Малева, Наталья Евгеньевна Тихонова, Людмила Александровна Беляева, Елена Ростиславовна Ярская-Смирнова, Анна Адриановна Темкина, Павел Васильевич Романов, Светлана Григорьевна Айвазова, Елена Андреевна Здравомыслова, Лилия Николаевна Овчарова, Алексей Георгиевич Левинсон, Владимир Валентинович Бабашкин, Юрий Александрович Левада, Г.И. Мирский, Виктор Михайлович Воронков, Лев Дмитриевич Гудков, Борис Владимирович Дубин, Владимир Валентинович Лапкин, Владимир Игоревич Пантин, Владимир Сергеевич Малахов, Андрей Григорьевич Здравомыслов, О.Ю. Малинова, Леокадия Михайловна Дробижева, Эмиль Абрамович Паин, В.В. Амелин, Николай Иванович Лапин, Сергей Александрович Магарил, Сергей Петрович Перегудов, Давид Львович Константиновский, М.И. Левина, Виктор Васильевич Лунеев, Сергей Анатольевич Пашин, Юрий Валерьевич Латов, Анатолий Григорьевич Вишневский, В.Т. Логинов, В.В. Журавлев, А.В. Гордон, В.П. Данилов, Николай Алексеевич Косолапов, Марат Алексадрович Чешков, Никита Евгеньевич Покровский, Олег Николаевич Яницкий, Кирилл Георгиевич Холодковский, Ирина Станиславовна Семененко, Борис Андреевич Грушин, Владимир Александрович Ядов, Владимир Леопольдович Каганский, Светлана Георгиевна Кирдина, Марина Андриановна Шабанова, Илья Ефимович Штейнберг, Артемий Владимирович Магун
[Книга]