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How Institutions Evolve: The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan

Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004, cерия "Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics", 352 с.
The institutional arrangements governing skill formation are widely seen as a key element in the institutional constellations defining ‘varieties of capitalism’ across the developed democracies. This book explores the origins and evolution of such institutions in four countries - Germany, Britain, the United States and Japan. It traces cross-national differences in contemporary training regimes back to the nineteenth century, and specifically to the character of the political settlement achieved among employers in skill-intensive industries, artisans, and early trade unions. The book also tracks evolution and change in training institutions over a century of development, uncovering important continuities through putative ‘break points’ in history. Crucially, it also provides insights into modes of institutional change that are incremental but cumulatively transformative. The study underscores the limits of the most prominent approaches to institutional change, and identifies the political processes through which the form and functions of institutions can be radically reconfigured over time.

Preface

1. The Political Economy of Skills in Comparative-Historical Perspective
  • Skills and Skill Formation
    The Argument in Brief
  • Theories of Institutional Genesis and Change
  • The Origins and Evolution of Institutions: Lessons from the Present Study
  • Outline for the Book

    2. The Evolution of Skill Formation in Germany
  • The Importance of the Artisanal Economy in the Evolution of Skill Formation in Germany
  • Strategies of the Large Machine and Metalworking Companies
  • Political Coalitions and the Evolution of the System
  • The Political Coalition against Reform

    3. The Evolution of Skill Formation in Britain
  • State Policy and the Fate of the British Artisanate
  • Union and Employer Strategies in the Metalworking/Engineering Industry
  • Reform Efforts before World War I
  • The Impact of War and Its Aftermath
  • Comparisons and Conclusions

    4. The Evolution of Skill Formation in Japan and the United States
  • The Evolution of Skill Formation in Japan
  • The Role of the State and the Fate of the Japanese Artisanate
  • Strategies of the Large Metalworking Companies
  • The Evolution of the Japanese Management System
  • Germany and Japan Compared
  • The Evolution of Skill Formation in the United States
  • Skill Formation in Early Industrial America
  • Union and Employer Strategies in the Metalworking Industry before World War I
  • The Politics of Training during and after World War I
  • Comparisons and Conclusions

    5. Evolution and Change in the German System of Vocational Training
  • The Evolution of the System under National Socialism
  • Vocational Training in Postwar Germany
  • Contemporary Developments in the German Training System: Erosion through Drift?

    6. Conclusions, Empirical and Theoretical
  • Cross-National Comparisons: The Origins of Divergent Skill Regimes
  • Institutional Complementarities
  • Institutional Evolution and Change

    Bibliography
    Index

  • Ключевые слова

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