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Feeding the World: An Economic History of World Agriculture, 1800-2000

Опубликовано на портале: 06-11-2007
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2005, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 416 с.
In the last two centuries, agriculture has been an outstanding, if somewhat neglected, success story. It has fed an ever-growing population with an increasing variety of products at falling prices, even as it has released a growing number of workers to the rest of the economy. This book, a comprehensive history of world agriculture during this period, explains how these feats were accomplished. Feeding the World synthesizes two hundred years of agricultural development throughout the world, providing all essential data and extensive references to the literature. It covers, systematically, all the factors that have affected agricultural performance: environment, accumulation of inputs, technical progress, institutional change, commercialization, agricultural policies, and more. The last chapter discusses the contribution of agriculture to modern economic growth. The book is global in its reach and analysis, and represents a grand synthesis of an enormous topic.

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 2. Why Is Agriculture Different?
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Agriculture and the Environment: An Uneasy Relationship
2.3. Factor Endowment and the Characteristics of Agriculture

Chapter 3. Trends in the Long Run
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Output
3.3. Prices
3.4. The Composition of Agricultural Output
3.5. Trade

Chapter 4. Patterns of Growth: The Inputs
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Land
4.3. Capital
4.4. Labor
4.5. Conclusion: Factor Endowment and Factor Prices in the Long Run

Chapter 5. The Causes of Growth: The Increase in Productivity
5.1. Introduction
5.2. The Productivity of Land and Labor
5.3. The Total Factor Productivity
5.4. Conclusion: On the Interpretation of Total Factor Productivity Growth

Chapter 6. Technical Progress in Agriculture
6.1. Introduction: Productivity Growth and Technical Progress
6.2. The Major Innovations
6.3. The Macroeconomics of Innovations: Factor Prices and Technical Progress
6.4. The Microeconomics of Agricultural Innovation: Appropriability, Complementarity, Environment, and Risk
6.5. The Microeconomics of Agricultural Innovation: Research Institutions and Technical Progress
6.6. Conclusion: On the Causes of Technical Progress

Chapter 7. The Microeconomics of Agricultural Institutions
7.1. Introduction: What Are the Institutions, and Why Should We Care about Them?
7.2. Property Rights
7.3. The "Structure": Matching Land and Labor
7.4. Finding the Money: Formal and Informal Credit
7.5. The Co-operative: The Best of All Possible Worlds?
7.6. Conclusion: Is There an "Ideal" Farm?

Chapter 8. Agricultural Institutions and Growth
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Prelude: The Establishing of Modern Property Rights
8.3. Meddling with Property Rights: Land Reform and Other Structural Interventions
8.4. The "Structural" Change in the Long Run
8.5. The Development of Markets
8.6. Self-help: The Growth of the Co-operative Movement
8.7. Institutions and Agricultural Growth: The Creation of Property Rights and "Structural" Interventions
8.8. Institutions and Agricultural Growth: Landownership, Farm Size, and Contracts
8.9. Institutions and Agricultural Growth: The Development of Markets
8.10. Conclusion: Did Institutions Really Matter?

Chapter 9. The State and the Market
9.1. Introduction: On the Design of Agricultural Policies
9.2. Before 1914: The Era of Laissez Faire
9.3. The Interwar Years: The Great Discontinuity
9.4. The OECD Countries after 1945: The Era of Surpluses
9.5. The Less Developed Countries after Independence: The Green Revolution and the "Development" Policies
9.6. The Socialist Countries
9.7. On the Effects of Agricultural Policies
9.8. Conclusion: The Political Economy of Agricultural Policies

Chapter 10. Conclusions: Agriculture and Economic Growth in the Long Run
10.1. Fifteen Stylized Facts
10.2. Agriculture and Economic Growth: Some Theory
10.3. Agriculture and Economic Growth: Debates and Historical Evidence
10.4. Concluding Remarks: A Look to the Future

Statistical Appendix
Notes
Bibliography
Index