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The Architecture of Markets: An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2002, 288 с.
Тематический раздел:
Winner of 2003 Distinguished Book Award. Market societies have created more wealth, and more opportunities for more people, than any other system of social organization in history. Yet we still have a rudimentary understanding of how markets themselves are social constructions that require extensive institutional support. This groundbreaking work seeks to fill this gap, to make sense of modern capitalism by developing a sociological theory of market institutions. Addressing the unruly dynamism that capitalism brings with it, leading sociologist Neil Fligstein argues that the basic drift of any one market and its actors, even allowing for competition, is toward stabilization. The Architecture of Markets represents a major and timely step beyond recent, largely empirical studies that oppose the neoclassical model of perfect competition but provide sparse theory toward a coherent economic sociology. Fligstein offers this theory. With it he interprets not just globalization and the information economy, but developments more specific to American capitalism in the past two decades--among them, the 1980s merger movement. He makes new inroads into the ''theory of fields,'' which links the formation of markets and firms to the problems of stability. His political-cultural approach explains why governments remain crucial to markets and why so many national variations of capitalism endure. States help make stable markets possible by, for example, establishing the rule of law and adjudicating the class struggle. State-building and market-building go hand in hand. Fligstein shows that market actors depend mightily upon governments and the members of society for the social conditions that produce wealth. He demonstrates that systems favoring more social justice and redistribution can yield stable markets and economic growth as readily as less egalitarian systems. This book will surely join the classics on capitalism. Economists, sociologists, policymakers, and all those interested in what makes markets function as they do will read it for many years to come.

List of Tables
Preface

1. Bringing Sociology Back In

  • A Critique of the E isting Literature in the Sociology of Markets
  • Theoretical Questions for a Sociology of Markets
  • A Political-Cultural Approach
  • Structure of the Book
  • Nor ative Implications of the Political-Cultural Approach to the Sociology of Markets

    PART I

    2. Markets as Institutions

  • Market Institutions: Basic Definitions
  • State Building and Market Building
  • Power in Policy Domains and Market Institutions

    3. The Politics of the Creation of Market Institutions

  • Political Structuring of Labor Market Institutions
  • Policy Domains and Market Regulation in Real Societies
  • Stability and Complexity
  • Implications for Research
  • Conclusion

    4. The Theory of Fields and the Problem of Market Formation

  • Markets as Fields
  • The Goal of Action in Stable Markets
  • The Proble of Change and Stability in Markets
  • Links between Market For ation and States
  • Some Macro Implications of the Theory of Fields
  • Globalization and Market Processes
  • Conclusion

    PART II

    5. The Logic of Employment Systems

  • Employment Systems as Institutional Projects
  • Variations and Transfor ations in Employment Systems
  • The Dynamics of Systems of Employment Relations
  • Insights into Comparative Employment Systems
  • Research Agendas
  • Conclusion

    6. The Dynamics of U.S. Firms and the Issue of Ownership and Control in the 1970s

  • Review of the Literature
  • Manage ent versus Owner Control
  • Bank Control
  • Market Dynamics and Manage ent Control
  • Hypotheses
  • Data and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion and Conclusions
  • Appendix A

    7. The Rise of the Shareholder Value Conception of the Firm and the Merger Movement in the 1980s

  • What Is to Be Explained?
  • Finance Economics
  • Manager, Owner, and Bank Control
  • The Crisis of the Finance Conception of Control and the Rise of the Shareholder Value Conception of Control
  • Hypotheses
  • Data and Methods
  • Results
  • Conclusion

    8. Corporate Control in Capitalist Societies

  • Economic Theories and Mechanisms
  • Sociological Theories of Control
  • Comparative Cases
  • Conclusion

    9. Globalization

  • Definitions of Globalization
  • Critique of Globalization Arguments
  • The Slow Expansion and Unevenness of Global Trade
  • Change or Continuity in the Organization of Production?
  • Does Globalization Cause Deindustrialization and Inequality?
  • Politics, Govern ents, and Financial Markets
  • Trade, Competition, Industrial Policy, and the Welfare State
  • Globalization and Neoliberalis as an American Project
  • Conclusion

    10. Conclusions

  • Two Tales of One Industry
  • Stability and Efficiency
  • Efficiency, Stability, and Equity
  • Conclusion

    Notes
    Bibliography
    Index


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