Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts

The Limits of Convergence: Globalization and Organizational Change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain

Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2003, 304 с.
This book challenges the widely accepted notion that globalization encourages economic convergence--and, by extension, cultural homogenization--across national borders. A systematic comparison of organizational change in Argentina, South Korea, and Spain since 1950 finds that global competition forces countries to exploit their distinctive strengths, resulting in unique development trajectories. Analyzing the social, political, and economic conditions underpinning the rise of various organizational forms, Guillén shows that business groups, small enterprises, and foreign multinationals play different economic roles depending on a country's path to development. Business groups thrive when there is foreign-trade and investment protectionism and are best suited to undertake large-scale, capital-intensive activities such as automobile assembly and construction. Their growth and diversification come at the expense of smaller firms and foreign multinationals. In contrast, small and medium enterprises are best fitted to compete in knowledge-intensive activities such as component manufacturing and branded consumer goods. They prosper in the absence of restrictions on export-oriented multinationals. The book ends on an optimistic note by presenting evidence that it is possible--though not easy--for countries to break through the glass ceiling separating poor from rich. It concludes that globalization encourages economic diversity and that democracy is the form of government best suited to deal with globalization's contingencies. Against those who contend that the transition to markets must come before the transition to ballots, Guillén argues that democratization can and should precede economic modernization. This is applied economic sociology at its best--broad, topical, full of interesting political implications, and critical of the conventional wisdom.

List of Illustrations
List of Tables
Preface
A Note on Sources

1. Organizations, Globalization, and Development

Part 1. Development and Organizational Change
2. Three Paths to Development, Three Responses to Globalization
3. The Rise and Fall of the Business Groups
4. The Role of Small and Medium Enterprises
5. Multinationals, Ideology, and Organized Labor

Part II. Organizational Change and Performance
6. Developing Industry: Automobile and Component Manufacturing
7. Developing Services: Banking as an Industry in Its Own Right
8. On Globalization, Convergence, and Diversity

Appendix. Data and Sources
References
Index


Ключевые слова

См. также:
Colin Crouch, Wolfgang Streeck, Richard Whitley, John L. Campbell
Socio-Economic Review. 2007.  Vol. 5. No. 3. P. 527-567. 
[Статья]
Richard Whitley
Review of International Political Economy. 1998.  Vol. 5. No. 3. P. 445-481 . 
[Статья]
Ronald Philip Dore
CEP Occasional Papers. 2001.  No. 16.
[Статья]