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Economic Applications of Game Theory

Опубликовано на портале: 27-12-2006
Факультет: Department of Economics
Дисциплина: Теория игр
Год: Fall 2005
Язык: Английский
Язык оригинала: английский
Тематические разделы: Экономика, Теория игр

Game Theory is a misnomer for Multiperson Decision Theory, the analysis of situations in which payoffs to agents depend on the behavior of other agents. It involves the analysis of conflict, cooperation, and (tacit) communication. Game theory has applications in several fields, such as economics, politics, law, biology, and computer science. In this course, I will introduce the basic tools of game theoretic analysis. In the process, I will outline some of the many applications of game theory, primarily in economics and political science. Game Theory has emerged as a branch of mathematics and is still quite mathematical. Our emphasis will be on the conceptual analysis, keeping the level of math to a minimum, especially at a level that should be quite acceptable to the average MIT student. Yet bear in mind that this still implies that you should be at ease with basic probability theory and calculus, and more importantly, you should be used to thinking in mathematical terms. Intermediate Microeconomics is also a prerequisite (simultaneous attendance to one of the intermediate courses is also acceptable). In any case, if you are taking this course, you should be prepared to work hard.

  • Payoffs in Games: Rational Choice Under Uncertainty
  • Expected Utility Theory; Risk Aversion
  • Extensive Forms and Normal Forms
  • Strategies, Dominant Strategies and Iterative Elimination of Strictly Dominated Strategies
  • Nash Equilibrium
  • Applications of Nash Equilibrium
  • Analysis of Extensive-Form Games
  • Backward Induction
  • Subgame Perfection
  • Bargaining and Negotiations
  • Forward Induction
  • Repeated Games and Cooperation
  • Bayesian Nash Equilibrium
  • Auctions
  • Perfect Bayesian Equilibrium
  • Sequential Bargaining Under Asymmetric Information
  • Signaling and the Intuitive Criterion
  • Applications of Signaling
  • The Principal-Agent Problem
  • Applications; Lemons, Efficiency Wages, Credit-Rationing, Price-Discrimination
  • Global Games
  • Evolutionary Foundations of Equilibrium
  • Evolutionarily Stable Strategies and Replicator Dynamics

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