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International Trade

Опубликовано на портале: 08-02-2004
Факультет: Department of Economics
Дисциплина: Международная торговля
Год: 2003-2004 гг.
Язык: Английский
Тематические разделы: Экономика, Международная экономика, Международная экономика: Международная торговля

Курс Джона Стивера в Университете Коннектикута читается на втором курсе и позволяет студентам овладеть основами теории международной торговли. Курс теоретический, требует от студентов обязательных знаний микроэкономической теории.
Состоит курс из пяти частей:
1. Введение;
2. Модель общего равновесия и выгоды от торговли;
3. Модель международной торговли;
4. Международная экономическая политика;
5. Торговля факторами и прямые иностранные инвестиции.
Базовыми учебниками курса являются:
James Markusen, James Melvin, William Kaempfer, and Keith Maskus, International Trade: Theory and Evidence, McGraw-Hill, 1995.
Philip King, International Economics and International Economic Policy 3rd edition, McGraw-Hill, 1999.

I: Introduction
Why do countries trade with each other? In a nutshell, because they are different. Most of these differences are found in countries’ abilities to produce goods and services. These differing abilities are the result of such things as factor endowments, technological know-how, market structure, public policy, and so on. Understanding why a country trades is a vital step in understanding the consequences of trade.
II: General Equilibrium Models & The Gains from Trade Unfortunately, to understand why countries trade, we need to get a handle on the relationships between a country’s technology, preferences, and factor endowments, and that country’s production patterns and prices. This necessarily involves general equilibrium theory (the simultaneous interaction of several markets). In this section, we will work through a basic general equilibrium model and use it to identify the gains from trade. The tools developed in this section will be used repeatedly. It would be wise to learn them!
III: Models of International Trade
In this section, we will look at a variety of models of international trade. Each model is unique in that it focuses on a different cause of trade between countries. The first of these, the Ricardian Model, should look familiar – it is often taught in introductory classes. It concentrates on technological differences. From there we move on to differences in factor supplies (H-O and Specific Factors). Finally, we will cover some of the "New Trade" theory that emphasizes market structure and increasing returns to scale.
IV: International Economic Policy
To this point, we’ve looked at the two extremes: no trade (autarky) and free trade. Now we will venture in the "gray area" in between – protected trade. A country has many different tools to prevent or restrict trade – tariffs and quotas are the most common. In this section, we will see that the optimal trade policy relies heavily on the underlying reasons behind trade.
V: Trade in Factors and Foreign Direct Investment
In this section re relax the traditional assumption of trade models – that factors of production are immobile between countries. We can basically identify two types of factor movement: labor (migration) and capital (foreign direct investment).

Программа курса на сайте University of Connecticut:


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См. также:
Oleh Havrylyshyn, Peter Kunzel
IMF Working Paper Series. 1997.  No. 97/47.
Claudio A. Paiva
IMF Working Paper Series. 2003.  No. 03/140 .
Henrik Horn, James A. Levinsohn
NBER Working Paper Series. 1997.  No. 6077.
Wilfred J. Ethier, J. Peter Neary, Elhanan Helpman