Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts

The politics of income inequality and poverty in the developed world

Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2004
2001
Организация: Loyola University of Chicago
Подтип: PhD
Тематические разделы: Социология, Экономическая социология, Социальная стратификация

Aннотация:
The research explores the political sources of income inequality by examining the relationship between electoral turnout, income inequality and government tax and social transfer policies for the industrial democracies of Western Europe, North America and Oceania between 1960 and 1995.


Beginning in the early 1950s, the income gap between the rich and the poor started to narrow steadily within the world's advanced industrial democracies. This coincided with the consolidation of the Keynesian post-war settlement and the growth of the social welfare state in Western Europe and other advanced industrial democracies. By the 1980s, however, these trends toward income equality experienced a “U-turn” and once again the gap between the rich and poor has begun to widen in most of these countries (Wilterdink, 1995:5). My research explores the political sources of income inequality by examining the relationship between electoral turnout, income inequality and government tax and social transfer policies for the industrial democracies of Western Europe, North America and Oceania between 1960 and 1995. Unlike previous studies in this area, I conduct analyses at both the national and regional levels of analysis and distinguish between pre- and post-tax and transfer income. In an effort to further our understanding of the linkage between political participation and redistributive policy, this dissertation relies on the detailed, individual survey data recently made available through the efforts of the Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) (see Atkinson, Rainwater, and Smeeding, 1995). These data cover the period between 1979 and 1995. The countries included in this study are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. I conduct analyses at the national and regional levels of analysis and distinguish between pre- and post-tax and transfer income. My dissertation also offers a longitudinal examination sources of variation in levels of social spending advanced market economy countries, disaggregated by major program type, between 1960 and 1989. These analyses support the notion that voter mobilization stimulates demands for income redistribution at both the national and regional levels of analysis and over time. I conclude that there are significant policy consequences related to electoral demobilization within the advanced industrial democracies, giving even greater credence to concerns expressed about democracy's “unresolved dilemma” posed by falling voter turnout.

Ссылки:
http://wwwlib.umi.com/dissertations/sear...
ZIP archive
сохранить
[3.58 КБ]
Ключевые слова

См. также:
Paul Dekker, Peter Ester
Социологические исследования. 1994.  № 11. С. 154-168. 
[Статья]
Рустем Махмутович Нуреев, Юрий Валерьевич Латов
TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2013.  Т. 11. № 3. С. 101-125. 
[Статья]
Е.И. Беглова
Вопросы экономики и права. 2011.  № 5. С. 71-75. 
[Статья]
William O. Bearden, David Green
NBER Working Paper Series. 2001.  No. 8149.
[Статья]
Галина Павловна Литвинцева, Елена Алексеевна Стукаленко
Journal of Institutional Studies (Журнал институциональных исследований). 2010.  Т. 2. № 2. С. 38-54. 
[Статья]
Б.А. Бобрович, Ю.А. Карпенко
Экономические науки. 2010.  Т. 73. № 12. С. 329-337. 
[Статья]