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The effect of social class on moral justifications and moral decision- making

Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-2004
Dita Andersson Everett
Научный руководитель: Mary Walsh
Организация: Department of Economics
Подтип: PhD
Тематические разделы: Социология, Экономическая социология, Экономическая социология: Социально-экономическая дифференциация. Бедность, Социальная стратификация

This study sought to determine whether social class contributed to differences in moral justifications and moral decision-making. The study also sought to determine whether particular situational variables, namely the nature of the relationship between individuals depicted in a moral dilemma and the severity of the grievance depicted in a moral dilemma, had an influence upon moral decision-making and moral justifications. Results found significant differences between the lower-income and middle-upper income participants in both their moral decisions and in their moral justifications. More specifically, it was found that participants from the middle-upper income community chose to fink significantly more frequently than did their lower-income counterparts and that this trend was associated with the middle-upper-income participants more commonly employing an ethic of autonomy rather than an ethic of community in their moral justifications. The findings provide some support for the cultural psychological perspective that emphasizes the significant impact of culture on morality. Implications for further research are discussed.

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