Concentration of poverty and social isolation of African American public housing residents in east and southeast Texas
Опубликовано на портале: 19-05-20042002
University of Houston
|Тематические разделы:||Социология, Экономическая социология, Экономическая социология: Социально-экономическая дифференциация. Бедность, Социальная стратификация|
This study attempts to test a portion of sociologist William Julius Wilson's theory of the concentration of poverty and social isolation by using data from the East Texas Fair Housing Service Center's (ETFHSC) Housing Mobility Program. This court-ordered program uses Section 8 vouchers to move African Americans from segregated public housing into working and middle class, predominantly white, neighborhoods. The participants in this program vary in several ways that are related to the concentration of poverty and social isolation. If Wilson's theory is correct, those who have experienced more concentrated poverty and its related social isolation will be less likely to be able to make the move from public housing to more middle-class, white neighborhoods. A logistic regression analysis was conducted on archival data collected by ETFHSC. The findings are that when total income and amount of savings are controlled, (1) residents who are not currently in public housing are three times more likely to move successfully to integrated single-family housing than residents currently in public housing, (2) program participants who were employed were three times more likely to move successfully than program participants whose funds were from sources other than employment and (3)the longer a participant was in the housing mobility program, the less likely was a successful move. All three findings support Wilson's theoretical position. The limitations of the study and the implications for social work research, policy and practice are discussed.