L. Gudkov analyzes here those important but left out of systematic analysis aspects of the regime that was established during V. Putin’s Presidency. It is not totalitarianism and customary, well described forms of authoritarianism. Attention is paid primarily to the formed systems of legitimizing authority and technologies of power exercising including mass
management. Double character of power is shown: outward one assuming a look of public, legal, elective and real one, closed, illegal or informal but sufficiently, or even the only one, effective exercised by personnel of political police through
corresponding methods of special operations and the like. Under the conditions of practically complete control over economical and political spheres the power of those who come from special services runs counter to their own corporative norms that is
testified by the processes of latent decentralization of management, emergence of hidden interest groups competing with each other, tough struggle between various clans and groups.