The authors trace the process of establishing officially admitted interpretation of the 1990-s analyzing school
textbooks on history approved and recommended by the RF Ministry of education and published in Putin’s period. These initiatives of the State develop in a wider context of centralized standardization of historical education in the country on the one
hand, and, on the other hand, of shaping unified, non-contradictory picture of the country’s past which is also ordered by the supreme power (V.Putin, D.Medvedev) in the 2000-s. Using the technique of content-analysis the authors examined
47 history textbooks for 9-th and 11-th forms of high schools published in1998–2008. The authors stress significant closeness of general approaches to the Russian history, of beliefs on the role of the country in the world and its relations with Western
countries, of extremely negative interpretation of the 1990-s («Yeltsin’s epoch») and highly positive representation of Putin’s period to the evidence of interviews carried out by the authors in 2008 with representatives of politically active young people
participating in pro-Kremlin movements «Nashy» («Ours»), «Molodaya Gvardiya» («Young Guard») and «Rossiya Molodaya» («Russia the Young»).