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Impoverishment of the Middle Class in Argentina: The “New Poor” in Latin America

Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2010
Laboratorium. Журнал социальных исследований. 2010.  № 2. С. 200-220. 
Through  much  of  the  twentieth  century,  Argentina  stood  out  among  Latin American nations due to the signifi cant infl uence of its middle class. Various elements shaped this class, which not only occupied public service positions, as was the case in most of Latin America (Touraine 1988), but was also involved in a wide range of occupations. Its genesis occurred during the 1930s, when differential rent deriving from  the  agricultural  sector  resulted  in  distribution  toward  the  administrative, service,  and  public  administration  sectors.  During  both  the  fi rst  and  the  second administrations  of  Juan  D.  Perón  (1946–55),  social  benefi ts  favored  the  middle segments of society and also led to the formation of a protected working class that, to a large extent, considered itself part of the middle class.
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