The author of the article analyses how economic and religious-cultural predictors as well as factors of regionalism and age differentiation influence on the attitudes of population from Lviv and Donetsk in comparative range. Self-organization versus State Paternalism during 1994-2004. In general, the research shows that respondents at all levels of analysis and in all contexts were to a certain extent disposed to state paternalism in contrast to self-organization. The most influential predictor noticeably determining the character of change in respondents. attitudes was an economic factor. Then follow religious-cultural, regional, and age differentiation factors.