THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT ON CORPORATE DECISIONS
This work aims to provide evidence on the impact of public investment on local business decisions. In particular we want to see the effect of public investment on the development of local area - measured by GDP and employment - and therefore the effect that the development of the area determines the location decisions of businesses.
In other words, we therefore wish to demonstrate how the infrastructure is one of the determinants of competitiveness and development potential of an area of active firms. A good level of infrastructure produces significant advantages (so-called positive externalities) for the local economy because, not only allows to increase the productivity of factors of production, reducing costs, but also influences the degree of attraction of the area (residents, tourists, businesses, funders), the location decisions of new businesses, the strengthening of existing ones.
The conceptual framework draws on the contributions made by many national and international literature on the role that public investment play in economic growth in the territories and the attractiveness of the territory.The paper is organized in two parts. Part 1 discusses the concept of local public investment, which is under a legal entity, examines the issue of investment planning and illustrates how the literature has suggested and tested empirically with reference to the role of public investment in the dynamics of growth and competitiveness of the territories. In the Part 2, is empirically tested the research hypothesis, through an econometric analysis, describing the models and variables used in the application of panel techniques, and presents the results of the estimates, while last section concludes with summary of some considerations.