Value Consensus and Determinants of Value Differentiation in Russia and Other European Countries
Опубликовано на портале: 07-02-2012
Вестник общественного мнения: Данные. Анализ. Дискуссии. 2011. Т. 110. № 4. С. 81-96.
axis Openness to Change – Conservation and such its constituents as Conformity –Tradition, Stimulation and Hedonism. The most of ex-communist countries
has low value consensus on Openness to Change – Conservation as well. The intergenerational cleavage is the single most influential determinant of within country value differences much more important than social class cleavages. This is why such a low value consensus takes place in Russia and other
ex-communist countries – these very countries where the largest generation gap has happened due to revolutionary transformations of the end of
1980-ies and beginning of 1990-ies. In spite of the difference in meaning between such measures as the country value average and consensus on this value
they are not independent. With increase of average commitment to Security, Conformity-Tradition, Self-Enhancement and Hedonism the within-country consensus on each of this value increases also, and with increase of commitment to Self-Transcendence consensus goes down. Taking into account these relationships and the explanation suggested the authors conclude that widely approved thesis on consensus as a prerequisite of cooperation between members of society has only limited