The article presents data on the attitudes of 400 citizens of Kostroma (quotas were imposed on gender and age) towards labor migrants. The purpose of the study was to determine the degree of toleration among the recipient population. Poor economic conditions in the former Soviet republics and a need for cheap labor in Russia forced a significant part of the workforce from these countries leave their homes and head to Russia in search of a better life. An uncontrolled influx of immigrants caused a breakdown in cross-cultural communication which is threatening the development of ethnic relationships in Russia. Negative attitudes towards immigrants are conditioned by downturns in the labor market, increasing unemployment, growing wealth inequality and impoverishment of the majority of Russia’s population.