The article analyses the current state of the system of feedback between Russian state and society. Based on extensive research, the study highlights the general and specific components in the ways social strata communicate with political system. The role of the institutes of political mediation such as mass media, parties, nongovernmental organizations and expert society is also considered in the article. The authors reveal the principles how the state responds to the demands of social groups or ignores such demands. The article exposes imbalances and deformations in such communications which contradicts the responsiveness and stability of the Russian political system, while overcoming the consequences of world economic crisis and tackling problems of comprehensive modernization of the country.