This article analyzes religious justifications used by contemporary Russian citizens infiling complaints addressed to the president of the Russian Federation. The concept ofcritical capacity postulated by Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot is applied as a frameof analysis. This research permits identification of a connection between the transformationof political (presidential) discourse, which took place in 2000s, and attempts ofcitizens to justify their claims for justice based on Orthodox foundations. Developing acomplaint mechanism promotes the reproduction of a particular way of coping with injusticeand also special grammar of argumentation based on practices of appeal of the“weaker citizen” to the “stronger state,” rather than on a dispute between equal actors.In such an approach, all regulatory normative systems involved in aligning justificationsare reduced to rhetorical devices, the legitimacy of which is determined by situationalpolitical discourse. At the same time, religious rhetoric in complaints contributes to thereproduction of the absolutist model of presidential power and the merging of religiositywith political legitimacy and civic loyalty.