Всего учебных программ в данном разделе: 1
Sociology of Work and Employment [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 02-02-2007Jonathan Zeitlin
Work, like the biblical poor, has always been with us. But its social organization and technological content have varied widely across time, space, and industrial sector. Employment or paid work, by contrast, is inherently a social construction, whose boundaries in relation to other types of activity like household labor, leisure, retirement, or unemployment are institutionally and culturally defined. In most developed countries, employment is also a social and legal status, which carries with it distinctive rights and obligations (at least for certain sections of the workforce), such as protection from arbitrary dismissal, subordination to managerial authority, procedures for collective representation, and entitlements to benefits like paid vacations, pensions, and health care. Both the boundaries of employment and the status associated with it are thus historically contingent constructs which differ significantly from one country to another, and are currently being renegotiated in response to a variety of pressures, from globalization and technological innovation to the expansion of the service sector, demographic trends, and changing household/family structures. This course is designed to provide a selective introduction to key themes in the sociology of work and employment. It brings comparative, historical, and theoretical perspectives to bear on understanding contemporary transformations of work and employment in the ‘new economy’, with particular emphasis on the United States, Western Europe, and Japan. Topics covered will include: Fordism and post-Fordism; scientific management and mass production; flexible specialization and lean production; the diffusion of new forms of work organization such as teams, cells, and project groups; the relationship between technology and workforce skills; training systems and skill formation; the social construction of employment; the ‘invention’ and redefinition of unemployment and retirement; household labor and women’s employment; job stability and the growth of non-standard forms of employment; workers’ changing expectations and experience of careers at work; collective representation and employment regulation; employment policies for a new economy. The course is open to advanced undergraduate and graduate students. It will be taught through a mixture of lectures and in-class discussions.