Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Опубликовано на портале: 19-02-2007Samuel W. Bloom Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1986. Vol. 27. No. 3. P. 265-276.
The emphasis of this analysis is on the social institutional history of medical sociology. This subfield is described as (1) closely connected with the patterns of development in its current discipline, (2) as containing a dual thrust between applied and basic science, and (3) as struggling with "insider-outsider" ambiguity involving the work of subgroups working either in medicine or from roles external to medicine but studying the sociology of medicine. Tracing a detailed historical fragment from the decade following World War II, it is predicted that the continuity of an accepted position for medical sociology is assured even though the style and quality of its professional life are full of uncertainty.
Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2007William Cockerham, Guenther Lueschen, Gerhard Kunz, Joe L. Spaeth Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1986. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 1-14.
Data from the 1984 Illinois Comparative Health Survey are used to examine whether the poor have adopted a consumer orientation toward professional health services in view of the reduction of financial barriers and clear signs of increased physician utilization. It was found, however, that lower-status persons stand as more or less passive recipients of such services, with a significantly greater tendency to invest responsibility for their own physical health in the health-care delivery system itself. Yet there was a general lack of difference with respect to health lifestyles involving food habits, emphasis on appearance, sports and exercise, smoking, and alcohol use. A culture-of-medicine thesis was found to provide a stronger explanation of this situation than a culture-of-poverty perspective. Medicine and the mass media have promoted the practice of a healthy lifestyle, but have not encouraged consumerism in the physician-patient relationship. Consequently, it appears that where social institutions provide positive sanctions, self-management and consumerism seems to grow for the poor; but where negative sanctions exist, consumerism does not seem to flourish.