Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2007Diane Hayes, Catherine Ross Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1987. Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 120-130.
Most research on the determinants of protective health behaviors examines health beliefs as the major motivating force. Authors hypothesize that concern with appearance is also a motivating force in eating diets low in calories and cholesterol and high in fruits and vegetables. Using a representative sample of 400 adults in Illinois (collected in 1984), they find that both health beliefs and appearance concerns affect eating habits. Health beliefs are modeled as an interaction between concern with health and health locus of control, since it is expected that concern with health has the largest impact on eating habits for persons who believe they have some control over their health. This interaction term is significant. For the average person, appearance is as large a motivating factor in eating habits as is concern with health. The implications of this finding for the health of the population, especially women are discussed.
Опубликовано на портале: 23-03-2007Mary Klein Buller, David B. Buller Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1987. Vol. 28. No. 4. P. 375-388.
Research has linked the communication styles of physicians to patients' satisfaction with health care. Recently Ben-Sira (1976, 1980) offered a social interaction model to explain this relationship; this model, however, focused on a single, narrow style of communicating and overlooked the broader spectrum of styles. This survey assessed two general communication styles: affiliation and control. It also examined eight social characteristics of medical interviews as possible mediators of the impact of the physician's communication style on the patient's satisfaction. Patients' evaluations of the physician's communication were associated strongly with patients' evaluations of medical care, suggesting that competence in communication may be a facet of medical competence. Affiliative styles were related positively to patients' satisfaction, whereas dominant/active styles had a negative relationship with satisfaction. Severity of the illness, physician's age, physician's specialty, and the number of prior visits affected the importance of the physician's communication in the patient's evaluations of care.