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В разделе собрана информация о статьях по экономике, социологии и менеджменту. Во многих случаях приводятся полные тексты статей. (подробнее...)

American Economic Review

Опубликовано на портале: 06-02-2007
Robert M. Costrell American Economic Review. 1994.  Vol. 84. No. 4. P. 956-71. 
The author models standards for educational credentials, such as high-school diplomas. Standard-setters maximize their conception of social welfare, knowing that utility-maximizing students choose whether to meet the standard. The author shows that more egalitarian policymakers set lower standards, the median voter would prefer higher standards (under symmetric distributions), and decentralization lowers standards (among identical communities). Optimal standards do not necessarily fall with increased student preference for leisure, deterioration of nonstudent inputs to education, or increased student heterogeneity. Superseding binary credentials by perfect information increases average achievement and social welfare for plausible degrees of heterogeneity, egalitarianism, and pooling under decentralization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2007
Thomas J. Kane, Cecilia Elena Rouse American Economic Review. 1995.  Vol. 85. No. 3. P. 600-614. 
The paper examines labor-market returns to a two- and four-year college education. Analysis of the 1972 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth; Observation that the average person who attended a two-year college earned about 10-percent more than those without any college education; Comparison with the wages of those who attended a four-year college education.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию
Опубликовано на портале: 06-02-2007
Julian Betts American Economic Review. 1998.  Vol. 88. No. 1. P. 266-75. 
The goal of this paper is to present the following finding: an egalitarian policy maker might prefer higher standards than would a policy maker whose goal was to maximize the sum of earnings. The result is based on the observation that if workers are differentiated with respect to ability, an increase in educational standards will increase the earnings of both the most-able and the least-able workers. The only workers whose earnings fall are those workers who after the increase fail to continue meeting the standard.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию