Administrative Science Quarterly
Выпуск N1 за 1999 год
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002John Freeman Administrative Science Quarterly. 1999. Vol. 44. No. 1. P. 163-175.
Gibbons argues persuasively in Taking Coase Seriously (1999) that economic modeling offers a useful set of tools that noneconomists may employ to good effect in their research on organizations. His arguments are even more persuasive if it is understood that this brand of modeling lends itself naturally to one of the key theoretical problems facing such researchers - the need for a theory of aggregation, sometimes called a theory of action. Such a theory is necessary to link the behavior of individuals with properties of collectivites, such as corporations.
Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002Leslie A. Perlow Administrative Science Quarterly. 1999. Vol. 44. No. 1. P. 57-81.
This paper describes a qualitative study of how people use their time at work, why they use it this way, and whether their way of using time is optimal for them or their work groups. Results of a 9-month field study of the work practices of a software engineering team revealed that the group's collective use of time perpetuated its members' "time famine", a feeling of having too much to do and not enough time to do it. Engineers had difficulty getting their individual work done because they were constantly interrupted by others. A crisis mentality and a reward system based on individual heroics perpetuated this disruptive way of interacting. Altering the way software engineers used their time at work, however, enhanced their collective productivity.