Опубликовано на портале: 11-11-2004Myron J. Gordon, Eli Shapiro Management Science. 1956. Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 102-110.
The interest in capital equipment analysis that has been evident in the business literature of the past five years in the product of numerous social, economic, and business developments of the postwar period. No conclusive listing of these developments can be attempted here. However, four should be mentioned which are of particular importance in this search for a more systematic method for discovering, evaluating, and selecting investment opportunities. These are (1) the high level of capital outlays (in absolute terms); (2) the growth in the size of business firms; (3) the delegation of responsibility for initiating recommendations from top management to the profit center, which has been part of general movement toward decentralization; and (4) the growing use of "scientific management" in the operations of the business firm. In the balance of this paper, a method for determining this quantity is proposed and its use in capital budgeting is analyzed.