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Макроэкономика - раздел современной экономической теории, в рамках которого изучаются такие феномены как экономический рост, колебания деловой активности, инфляция и безработица, а также вопросы макроэкономической политики. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 11


все А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т УФ Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

Опубликовано на портале: 29-08-2003
Robert J. Barro, Vittorio Grilli
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1994
This major macroeconomics text by Robert Barro and Vittorio Grilli is written from a European perspective. It adopts an open-economy approach and incorporates full treatment of European labour and financial institutions and markets. The authors cover in a rigorous and stimulating fashion the main macroeconomic theories and policy in relation to the components of the macroeconomic environment, including the household, the monetary system, the production process, the government and business cycles, and address the major economic problems of the world today.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-01-2003
David Bevan, Paul Collier, Jan Willem Gunning
New York: Oxford University Press, 1994
This book, a companion volume to Peasants and Governments by the same authors (OUP, 1990), develops macroeconomic theory for small open economies which are characterized by the sort of restrictions which make much of existing neoclassical economics inapplicable to developing countries. The applicability of this theory is demonstrated in an analysis of two temporary trade shocks in Africa.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Lans Arij Bovenberg, Johan J. Graafland, Ruud A. de Mooij
This paper employs MIMIC, an applied general equilibrium model of the Dutch economy, to explore various tax cuts aimed at combating unemployment and raising labor supply. MIMIC combines modern labor-market theories, a firm empirical foundation detailed description of Dutch labor-market institutions. We develop a small aggregate model which contains the core of MIMIC, namely wage setting, job matching, labor supply demand. In addition to illustrating the main economic mechanisms in MIMIC shows the advantages of employing a larger, more disaggregated model that accounts for heterogeneity, institutional details, and more economic mechanisms. Targeting in-work benefits at the low skilled is the most effective way to cut economy-wide unemployment quality and quantity of labor supply. Cuts in social security contributions paid by employers and subsidies for hiring long-term unemployed reduce unskilled unemployment most substantially. Tax cuts in the higher tax brackets boost the quantity and quality of formal labor supply but are less effective in reducing unemployment and in raising unskilled employment and female labor supply.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Richard Clarida, Jordi Gali, Mark Gertler
Authors study the international monetary policy design problem within an optimizing two-country sticky price model, where each country faces a short run tradeoff between output and inflation. The model is sufficiently tractable to solve analytically. Authors find that in the Nash equilibrium, the policy problem for each central bank is isomorphic to the one it would face if it were a closed economy. Gains from cooperation arise, however, that stem from the impact of foreign economic activity on the domestic marginal cost of production. While under Nash central banks need only adjust the interest rate in response to domestic inflation, under cooperation they should respond to foreign inflation as well. In either scenario, flexible exchange rates are desirable.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-09-2003
Manfred Gartner
Изд-во: Prentice-Hall, 2002, 480 с.
This much needed, dynamic new text in macroeconomics provides a slightly more rigorous exposition of macroeconomic theory and applications, with a distinctive real world approach and incorporates a wealth of case material on issues surrounding the EU. Written with an applications orientated perspective, Gartner incorporates numerous graphs, diagrams and testing material to bring the subject to life. Written by a leading authority in the field, this book's overriding aim is to provide a more rigorous, comprehensive and applied approach to macroeconomics than is currently available.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 15-07-2005
Norman Gemmell
Статья представляет собой обзор различных вариантов моделирования внешних эффектов высшего образования с точки зрения моделей роста и человеческого капитала. Большая часть статьи посвящена также эмпирическому материалу по данной теме.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Austan Goolsbee
This paper shows that tax policy toward investment, by changing the relative prices of capital varieties, can have a direct effect on the quality of capital goods that firms purchase. The empirical results indicate that this impact is economically important and readily apparent in disaggregated data on farming, mining, and construction machinery. The paper also applies a general method for aggregation using index number theory which suggests that all of the investment increase generated by tax subsidies comes from buying higher quality capital goods as opposed to buying a larger number of capital goods. It shows, further, that the supply of capital is upward sloping with an elasticity of about one. The tax induced quality changes documented in the paper imply a tax distortion whose deadweight loss is neglected in the conventional literature but whose magnitude indicates may represent a substantial efficiency cost from capital taxation (or subsidy).

Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
Thoroughly revised to reflect the macroeconomic issues of the twenty-first century, Macroeconomics, Ninth Edition combines classic, time-tested pedagogy with a fresh treatment of timely topics and the use of the most current data. The Ninth Edition represents the most complete revision in many years. While retaining its organization of income determination, the IS-LM model, and the SP-DG inflation model “up front,” this edition applies the recent ups and downs of the U.S. “New Economy” to make the study of business cycles, monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, saving, and investment more exciting and more relevant than ever. New to this edition is a chapter (11) that grapples with the big questions of economic growth and develops an analysis that goes beyond the standard theories and builds on the best research in the field. The text is universally praised for consistently holding up the theory to the magnifying glass of reality, and this edition is no exception. Substantive case studies and international perspective boxes-including the 9/11 disaster as a classic “shock” to supply and demand-bolster the macroeconomic theory.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
The stated objective of this monograph is to employ the analytical techniques of general equilibrium theory to explore two old issues of monetary theory whether a Walrasian monetary economy possesses a short-run equilibrium with a positive value of money and whether a scalar change in the quantity of initial money holdings will generate the same scalar change in all minimal values. Employing the concept of a temporary competitive equilibrium, he concludes that the answer to both of these questions is, in general, negative (EBSCO).
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
This paper utilizes a unique new dataset of credit card accounts to analyze how people respond to changes in credit supply. The data consist of a panel of thousands of individual credit card accounts from several different card issuers, with associated credit bureau data. We estimate both marginal propensities to consume (MPCs) out of liquidity and interest-rate elasticities. We also evaluate the ability of different models of consumption to rationalize our results, distinguishing the Permanent-Income Hypothesis (PIH), liquidity constraints, precautionary saving, and behavioral models. We find that increases in credit limits generate an immediate and significant rise in debt, counter to the PIH. The average 'MPC out of liquidity' (dDebt/dLimit) ranges between 10%-14%. The MPC is much larger for people starting near their limits, consistent with binding liquidity constraints. However, the MPC is significant even for people starting well below their limit. We show this response is consistent with buffer-stock models of precautionary saving. Nonetheless there are other results that conventional models cannot easily explain, e.g. why so many people are borrowing on their credit cards, and simultaneously holding low yielding assets. Unlike most other studies, we also find strong effects from changes in account-specific interest rates. The long-run elasticity of debt to the interest rate is approximately -1.3. Less than half of this elasticity represents balance-shifting across cards, with most reflecting net changes in total borrowing. The elasticity is larger for decreases in interest rates than for increases, which can explain the widespread use of temporary promotional rates. The elasticity is smaller for people starting near their credit limits, again consistent with liquidity constraints.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
This is a concise and reader-friendly introduction to the principles of economic growth for students of economics and business. Gylfason examines theoretical and empirical models of economic growth through examples and case studies drawn from around the world and through a trenchant analysis of classic thought in this area. The influence of public policy on economic efficiency and growth is a key theme which underpins this textbook's engagement with issues such as liberalization, stabilization, privatization, and unemployment, as well as technology, education, natural resources, and geography. Economic growth is one of the most exciting areas of recent research and debate in the fields of business and economics, and this text, complete with end-of-chapter summaries and review questions, provides an ideal introduction to the topic.
Readership: Ideal for undergraduate students of macroeconomic principles, open economy macroeconomics, business and managerial economics, and international business. These are major courses on economics and business studies degrees. In addition, 'economic growth' has been one of the most exciting areas in economics in recent years, and this means that the text will receive a great deal of academic interest.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)