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Макроэкономика - раздел современной экономической теории, в рамках которого изучаются такие феномены как экономический рост, колебания деловой активности, инфляция и безработица, а также вопросы макроэкономической политики. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 241

Авторы:
А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т УФ Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P QR S T U V W XYZ
 
Названия:
АБ В ГД Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф ХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P QR S T U VW XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-08-2003
Austan Goolsbee
2003
This paper shows that tax policy toward investment, by changing the relative prices of capital varieties, can have a direct effect on the quality of capital goods that firms purchase. The empirical results indicate that this impact is economically important and readily apparent in disaggregated data on farming, mining, and construction machinery. The paper also applies a general method for aggregation using index number theory which suggests that all of the investment increase generated by tax subsidies comes from buying higher quality capital goods as opposed to buying a larger number of capital goods. It shows, further, that the supply of capital is upward sloping with an elasticity of about one. The tax induced quality changes documented in the paper imply a tax distortion whose deadweight loss is neglected in the conventional literature but whose magnitude indicates may represent a substantial efficiency cost from capital taxation (or subsidy).

Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
Thoroughly revised to reflect the macroeconomic issues of the twenty-first century, Macroeconomics, Ninth Edition combines classic, time-tested pedagogy with a fresh treatment of timely topics and the use of the most current data. The Ninth Edition represents the most complete revision in many years. While retaining its organization of income determination, the IS-LM model, and the SP-DG inflation model “up front,” this edition applies the recent ups and downs of the U.S. “New Economy” to make the study of business cycles, monetary and fiscal policy, inflation, saving, and investment more exciting and more relevant than ever. New to this edition is a chapter (11) that grapples with the big questions of economic growth and develops an analysis that goes beyond the standard theories and builds on the best research in the field. The text is universally praised for consistently holding up the theory to the magnifying glass of reality, and this edition is no exception. Substantive case studies and international perspective boxes-including the 9/11 disaster as a classic “shock” to supply and demand-bolster the macroeconomic theory.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
The stated objective of this monograph is to employ the analytical techniques of general equilibrium theory to explore two old issues of monetary theory whether a Walrasian monetary economy possesses a short-run equilibrium with a positive value of money and whether a scalar change in the quantity of initial money holdings will generate the same scalar change in all minimal values. Employing the concept of a temporary competitive equilibrium, he concludes that the answer to both of these questions is, in general, negative (EBSCO).
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 27-07-2004
This paper utilizes a unique new dataset of credit card accounts to analyze how people respond to changes in credit supply. The data consist of a panel of thousands of individual credit card accounts from several different card issuers, with associated credit bureau data. We estimate both marginal propensities to consume (MPCs) out of liquidity and interest-rate elasticities. We also evaluate the ability of different models of consumption to rationalize our results, distinguishing the Permanent-Income Hypothesis (PIH), liquidity constraints, precautionary saving, and behavioral models. We find that increases in credit limits generate an immediate and significant rise in debt, counter to the PIH. The average 'MPC out of liquidity' (dDebt/dLimit) ranges between 10%-14%. The MPC is much larger for people starting near their limits, consistent with binding liquidity constraints. However, the MPC is significant even for people starting well below their limit. We show this response is consistent with buffer-stock models of precautionary saving. Nonetheless there are other results that conventional models cannot easily explain, e.g. why so many people are borrowing on their credit cards, and simultaneously holding low yielding assets. Unlike most other studies, we also find strong effects from changes in account-specific interest rates. The long-run elasticity of debt to the interest rate is approximately -1.3. Less than half of this elasticity represents balance-shifting across cards, with most reflecting net changes in total borrowing. The elasticity is larger for decreases in interest rates than for increases, which can explain the widespread use of temporary promotional rates. The elasticity is smaller for people starting near their credit limits, again consistent with liquidity constraints.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2003
Traditional growth theory emphasizes the incentives for capital accumulation rather than technological progress. Innovation is treated as an exogenous process or a by-product of investment in machinery and equipment. Grossman and Helpman develop a unique approach in which innovation is viewed as a deliberate outgrowth of investments in industrial research by forward-looking, profit-seeking agents.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-12-2003
Gene M. Grossman, Kenneth S. Rogoff
USA: Elsevier Science, 2002, Vol. 3, 866 с.
Up-to-date surveys of all major research areas in international trade and international finance are presented in this volume. The chapters have a high standard of exposition, delivering ideas at the forefront of the field in a clear readable fashion. The volume has a good overall balance of theoretical and empirical coverage.

The trade side of the volume surveys theoretical work on trade based on scale economics and imperfect competition, the relationship between trade and technological progress, strategic trade policy, the political economy of trade policy, and the rules and institutions of international trade, as well as empirical work on trade patterns, trade policies, and regional integration. The finance side covers topics such as exchange rates, purchasing power parity, the current account, the international transmission of business cycles, foreign ending, international capital markets, target zones and speculative attacks on fixed exchange rates, and international economic policy coordination.

For students and researchers interested in understanding developments in modern international economics, this book is an essential reference.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
This is a concise and reader-friendly introduction to the principles of economic growth for students of economics and business. Gylfason examines theoretical and empirical models of economic growth through examples and case studies drawn from around the world and through a trenchant analysis of classic thought in this area. The influence of public policy on economic efficiency and growth is a key theme which underpins this textbook's engagement with issues such as liberalization, stabilization, privatization, and unemployment, as well as technology, education, natural resources, and geography. Economic growth is one of the most exciting areas of recent research and debate in the fields of business and economics, and this text, complete with end-of-chapter summaries and review questions, provides an ideal introduction to the topic.
Readership: Ideal for undergraduate students of macroeconomic principles, open economy macroeconomics, business and managerial economics, and international business. These are major courses on economics and business studies degrees. In addition, 'economic growth' has been one of the most exciting areas in economics in recent years, and this means that the text will receive a great deal of academic interest.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-10-2003
Macroeconomics began as the study of large-scale economic pathologies such as prolonged depression, mass unemployment and persistent inflation. In the early 1980s rational expectations and new classical economics dominated macroeconomic theory, with the result that such pathologies can hardly be discussed within the vocabulary of the theory. This book evolved from the authors' profound disagreement with that trend. It demonstrates not only how the new classical view got macroeconomics wrong, but how to go about doing macroeconomics the right way.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-09-2004
Robert E. Hall, Marc Lieberman
Mason, OH: Souht-Western Thomson Learning, 2002
Departing from the encyclopedic nature of most Principles texts, which encourages students to simply memorize concepts and see economics as a collection of unrelated terms, formulas, graphs, and theories, this text provides students with a picture of economics as a unified discipline; a set of interrelated tools and ideas that can be used to look at the world in a different way. This book's concise, less is more approach has been carefully crafted in terms of both content and supporting pedagogy to keep students focused on learning and applying the central ideas used in economic analysis. It uniquely employs a simple methodology throughout to emulate how economists look at problems, and teaches students how to use this same analytical process in developing their own economic analysis skills. Hall/Lieberman's careful focus on core theoretical ideas as well as systematically applying the theoretical tools to interesting real-world questions conveys the message that economics is an integrated, powerful body of knowledge that can be used to address important issues.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Timo J. Hamalainen
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
The current paradigm shift in the world economy is challenging the traditional competitiveness and growth theories with their few explanatory variables. This book offers a more holistic framework to synthesise the key findings of the various branches of competitiveness and growth research.
The author illustrates this framework with a new long wave theory of socio-economic development. This theory emphasises the competitiveness and growth benefits of rapid structural adjustment in the rapidly changing techno-economic environment. Based on thorough analysis the author argues that both markets and governments have become less efficient due to the current transformation of the world economy. His empirical data from 22 OECD countries in the 1980s and 1990s illustrates that efficiency and growth-oriented governments have significantly contributed to their countries economic success.
National Competitiveness and Economic Growth will furnish its readers with a better understanding of the interdependencies of many important but seemingly unrelated aspects of modern economies and societies, for example the dynamics of business and technology, and cultural and institutional change. It will appeal to economists, business professionals and policymakers with a special interest in the competitiveness and growth of firms and national economies as well as the long-term development of socio-economic systems.
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Monetary Economics [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 09-11-2004
Jagdish Handa
London, New York: Routledge, 2000, 784 с.
A comprehensive overview of advanced monetary economics, integrating the presentation of monetary theory with empirical formulations and their empirical tests. Unlike most texts this book brings together in a single unified source the core areas of monetary economics. Key features include: cross-country comparison of central banking in the US, UK and developing countries, theories and empirical studies on money demand, including precautionary and buffer stock models and monetary aggregation, detailed comparison of Keynesian and modern classical macroeconomic theoretical and policy models, a focus on the role of money and financial institutions and growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Shaun P. Hargreaves Heap
Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1992
Designed as a text for advanced undergraduate macroeconomic theory courses, this innovative textbook draws together the central ideas in what is referred to as the New Keynesian Macroeconomics and sets them in dialogue with the New Classical Macroeconomics.
The New Keynesian Macroeconomics includes discussion of the recent literature on multiple rational expectations equilibria, an assessment of the connection between equilibrium choice and institutional context, and game theoretic discussion of social interdependence particularly with respect to wage and price formation analysis of debates over both demand and supply side activism.
As the first textbook to develop the New Keynesian Macroeconomics, the book will be widely used on second and third year undergraduate courses on macroeconomics. It will also serve as a text for advanced undergraduate courses which integrate micro and macro by general equilibrium theory.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Andreas Haufler
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001
In recent years the increasing international mobility of capital, firms and consumers has begun to constrain tax policies in most OECD countries, playing a major role in reforming national tax systems. Haufler uses the theory of international taxation to consider the fundamental forces underlying this process, covering both factor and commodity taxes, as well as their interaction. Topics include a variety of different international tax avoidance strategies - capital flight, profit shifting in multinational firms, and cross-border shopping by consumers. Situations in which tax competition creates conflicting interests between countries are given particular consideration. Haufler addresses the complex issue of coordination in different areas of tax policy, with special emphasis on regional tax harmonization in the European Union. Also included is a detailed introduction to recent theoretical literature.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2007
Glenn Hoggarth
London: Bank of England, 1996, cерия "Handbook of Central Banking", 26 с.
The key aim of monetary policy for most central banks is to keep inflation low and steady. However in a market-oriented economy, central banks cannot control inflation directly. They have to use instruments such as interest rates, the effects of which on the economy are uncertain. And they have to rely on incomplete information about the economy and its prospects. Some central banks use money growth or the exchange rate as intermediate targets to guide policy decisions. Others take a more eclectic approach and consider a range of factors. Monetary policy has occupied much time of the world’s most distinguished economists over the years. This Handbook provides an introductory overview to the subject. Following the introduction in Section 1, Section 2 describes the main costs of inflation. The next section provides an overview of the various routes by which monetary policy transmits through the economy. And Section 4 describes the alternative targets which central banks can use to guide policy. Some conclusions are provided in Section 5. The purpose of this Handbook is to assist monetary policy practitioners - those in central banks and governments who are advising and taking decisions on monetary policy. Those new to the subject may, it is hoped, find this a useful starting point for further reading and research. This handbook is also available in Russian and Spanish.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Kevin D. Hoover
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001
Causality in Macroeconomics is the first book to address the long-standing problems of causality while taking macroeconomics seriously. The practical concerns of the macroeconomist and abstract concerns of the philosopher inform each other. Grounded in pragmatic realism, the book rejects the popular idea that macroeconomics requires microfoundations, and argues that the macroeconomy is a set of structures that are best analyzed causally. Ideas originally due to Herbert Simon and the Cowles Commission are refined and generalized to non-linear systems, particularly to the non-linear systems with cross-equation restrictions that are ubiquitous in modern macroeconomic models with rational expectations (with and without regime-switching). These ideas help to clarify philosophical as well as economic issues. The structural approach to causality is then used to evaluate more familiar approaches to causality due to Granger, LeRoy and Glymour, Spirtes, Scheines and Kelly, as well as vector autoregressions, the Lucas critique, and the exogeneity concepts of Engle, Hendry and Richard. A constructive approach to causal inference based on patterns of stability and instability in the face of identified regime changes is developed and illustrated in two empirical case studies of the causal direction between money and prices and between taxes and spending.
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