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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 27

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E FG H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Riitta Maijala, Jukka Peltola
Zaragoza, 2002
When joining the EU, Finland was granted a permission to run its own food safety policy concerning Salmonella. The policy is called Finnish Salmonella Control Program (FSCP) and it covers the main animal production lines: pork, beef, poultry, and also the products thereof e.g. meat and eggs. By committing to follow an EU Commission approved national program Finland received so called additional guarantees from the EU. These guarantees allow it to require respective salmonella protection levels from similar products imported to the country. In order to continue the program its economic efficiency has to be thoroughly evaluated.

The objective of FCSP is that no more than 1 % of the animals and meat should be contaminated with Salmonella at the national level. Respectively, at the abattoir or meat cutting plant level the goal is 5 % . These quite strict objectives were reached well in 1995-2001. The industry is responsible for running the program in practice. National authorities have their emphasis in coordination, collecting of data and supervision. The costs of the program are almost fully carried by the industry. This paper evaluates the efficiency and viability of FSCP as a whole. It can be concluded, that money used running the program is well-spent: health benefits produced, estimated either using a cost-of-illness type of calculations or a willingness-to-pay measure from a consumer survey are many times larger than the costs of the program. In the end it can be concluded that FSCP is a good example of economically viable tool for sustaining public health.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Harold Halcrow, Robert Spitze, Joyce Allen-Smith
New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994, 448 с.
Учебник об экономических и политических аспектах политики государства в агропромышленном комплексе. Предназначен для студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате и/или первого года обучения магистратуры. Рассматривается такие темы как экономика и сельское хозяйство, политология и сельское хозяйство, проблемы общественного выбора и политика в области сельского хозяйства сегодня.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Ред.: David W. Marshall
USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995, 344 с.
В книге «Выбор продовольствия потребителем» представлен весь спектр действий в принятии решений потребителем при определении повседневного рациона питания.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ред.: Robert Raunikar, Chung-Liang Huang
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1987, 302 с.
Gathers the work of 28 expert economists to explain economic theory and analytical methods and sources applicable to food demand and consumption behavior.

Книга представляет собой сборник научных работ по микроэкономическому анализу спроса на продовольствие и поведения потребителей. Под редакцией Р.Рауникар, Чун-Лиан Хуан.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Kim Martin Lind
2002
This working paper examines the food security policy, where food security means ensuring an adequate supply of food for hungry people. In particular, the recommendations of FAO are being used as a measuring rod against which food security policies are assessed. By means of FAO’s database a statistical analysis of all Sub-Saharan Africa countries with respect to measuring the incidence and severity of critical food shortages are carried out. Stock policies seem to have been the answer when issues of ensuring adequate supplies have surfaced. In the paper, an estimate of the costs of keeping stocks is provided, and the costs are quite staggering. Based on the statistical analysis an estimate of the number and volume of acute food shortages per year in Sub-Saharan Africa is achieved. Upon this number a much cheaper alternative to keeping stocks for security purposes is proposed. It is proposed that a financial fund is set up with the sole purpose of purchasing grains on the open market when acute food shortages occur. In order for the fund to achieve its goals it must be completely independent of politics, and the financing and replenishing of the fund must be automatic. The advantages are that a lot of costs are saved which could be used to improve food security policies in developing countries. Furthermore, the supply of food aid is done via a global fund, and is not the result of political considerations in donor (big exporting) countries. The reservations voiced by some developing countries that further liberalisations in agricultural policies in the WTO round of negotiations could jeopardise food security is answered by this fund. Liberalisations of agricultural policies may lead to lower food stocks in the big exporting countries, but the proposed financial fund does not rely on such stocks. It is found that the purchases the fund would have to conduct only comprise a small fraction of the world trade in cereals.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Sinne Smed, Jorgen Dejgaard Jensen
2002
This paper examines the cross-impacts of food safety news concerning one product on the demand for another product, using the Danish demand for pasteurized eggs versus shell eggs as an illustrative case. The study identifies news with a temporary impact and news with a permanent impact on consumers’ food demand behavior. The techniques used to identify the permanent versus temporary news are recursive estimation and parameter stability. Whereas “permanent” news is identified to be represented by a specific individual event, “temporary” news concerning salmonella in eggs is aggregated into a news-index variable. Both temporary and permanent news concerning salmonella in shell eggs appear to have significant positive impacts on the demand for pasteurized eggs. The model is estimated as an Error Correction Model. Consumers are found to adjust quite rapidly to both temporary and permanent news. Both the composition of egg consumption accounted as mean budget shares varies across socio-demographic household groups as well as the impact of the considered permanent news.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Peter Berck, David Bigman
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993, 400 с.
Сборник работ по теме продовольственной безопасности в развивающихся странах. Рассматриваются проблемы недоедания, бедности, состояния предложения и спроса на продовольствие, политика государств и проведение альтернативные политических мер на микро- и макро- уровнях.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Franco Sotte
2004
There is a contradiction in Europe affecting the design of an efficient and effective rural development policy. It depends by the fact that the discussion on rural development is, as a matter of fact, an issue discussed prevalently in the agricultural circles and influenced by sectorial interests. The outcome is that the CAP reform proceeds too slowly and concentrates prevalently on agricultural aspects, neglecting to take in due consideration the wider complexity of rurality. Scarce is thus the integration with the other European structural policies. The paper presents first an analysis of the role reserved to rural areas in the elaboration of non-agricultural specialists and in the definition of a sustainable development and cohesion policy across Europe. In the following it examines how the CAP reform process has still only partially converged towards an integrated rural policy, maintaining substantially a sectorial character and a redistributive role. The MTR and the Salzburg Conference should be considered as very important steps in the right direction, but much remains still to be done.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Roberto Henke, Roberta Sardone
2002
The paper focuses on the implementation of direct aids modulation, as provided for by Regulation 1259/99. After a critical review of the most relevant questions arisen around the effectiveness and the viability of modulation, the paper presents results about its possible application in Italy. In the first part of the paper a special attention is given to the actual distribution of direct aids in Italy, to the number of farms involved and the amount of revenues realised. In the second part four different hypotheses of modulation are tested. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of modulation revenues under the four different hypotheses are compared with the financial resources allotted in Italy to the regional Rural Development Plans (RDPs). While results of modulation are, generally speaking, quite poor in terms of re-distribution of direct aids, there is a more relevant effect in terms of additional resources destined to the RDPs. However, resources are to be destined to measures that receive the highest share of resources within the RDPs. On the contrary, other measures, more genuinely addressing Rural Development and territorial issues within the RDPs, receive a much smaller amount of resources and cannot be funded through modulation. In other words, if the main objective of the modulation is that of shifting resources from the first to the second pillar of the CAP, this is only partially realised, given the mandatory destination of financial resources on measures that are substantially financed and that do not fully address the economic diversification and the development of rural areas.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
J. Stephen Clark, Kurt K. Klein, William A. Kerr
2003
A new procedure is developed to estimate innovation possibility frontiers and test for biases in technological change. Using data on four inputs (land, machinery, chemicals and labour) from central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) over the period 1926-1985, we find that the innovations possibilities frontier shifts neutrally over time. This is consistent with Ahmad.s model of induced innovations, but is not consistent with de Janvry.s application of Ahmad.s model to the historical development of Argentine agriculture. Agricultural research in Canada has been conducted with the objective of developing cost minimizing technologies. Empirical support was found for this notion in the development of the innovation possibilities frontier.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ralph Battles, Robert Thompson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2000, 194 с.
Begins with an overview of domestic and international trends and covers the basics of loans (mortgages and deeds of trust) and time values of money (interest, discounting, calculations and amortization, refinancing, cash budgeting, and graphing loans). Useful as a guide for practitioners, the the text was actually designed for teaching with outlines at the beginning of chapters, and study questions and problems at each chapter's end.

Учебник - практическое пособие по финансам в агробизнесе. Рассматриваются все основные элементы – кредитная система, залог, займ, дисконтирование, компаудинг, амортизация, рефинансирование, бюджетирование потоков наличности.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John C. Hull
USA: Prentice-Hall, 2001, 512 с.
Учебник раскрывает основные понятия рынка опционов и фьючерсов.