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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 27

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
все А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q RS T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Elisa Montresor
2002
The purpose of this work is to contribute with some reflections to the debate that has flourished in recent years around two issues: rural development and systemic reading of the territorial articulation of agricultural development. In the numerous investigations conducted in Italy and elsewhere, the analytical approach adopted (institutional level and investigation units, choice of indicators and of the analytical instruments) has profound repercussions on rural policies, according to its wider or narrower formulation. After a brief reflection on the approaches to rural development, highlighting the contradictions of institutional intervention, the study proposes a critical description of some results of the Italian investigations. The aim is to contribute to the definition of an analytical approach for evaluating the dynamics in progress in the agricultural and rural development at different decisional levels (EU, national, regional). The proposed instruments satisfy some requirements: the repeatability of the investigation at different times and in a variety of contexts, the flexibility for the adaptability to the mosaic of situations in the rural world, the applicability at different territorial levels.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Татьяна В. Блинова
2002
The objective of this paper is to study the link between rural regional development strategies and unemployment reduction in agricultural regions. Based on empirical data, the paper presents the assessment of the “diversification effects” for the regional labor demand achieved through the development of the non-state sector, small businesses and the service market on the regional labor markets’ behavior. By using the regression models we analyze how labor market performances depend on the patterns of the employment structure. Special attention is paid to the comparative analysis of agrarian and industrial regions. It is shown that high rates of employment in the agriculture weaken the position of the region on the labor market. However, diversification of the employment structure of the agricultural regions is a factor reducing the risk of rural unemployment. In rural regions the development of non-agricultural employment produces positive effects on the regional labor markets’ behavior. We study the relationships of the labor market performance with the key directions of the economic reform like changes in the ownership structure, development of small businesses and the service market.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Elena Saraceno
2004
This paper tries to bring together the various arguments that make a reform of rural development policies desirable and useful for the stakeholders involved. The policy implications of a desirable reform are also considered. CAP, in its long story has established powerful interest groups in the administrations, in the sector and even in expert’s circles. Past shortcomings of reform attempts suggest that a consensus on reform is difficult to achieve and requires a clear and shared outline of what will agricultural and rural policy look like after the reform process. A transition period, the inclusion of wider interest groups than those directly concerned by the policy, the possibility of regionally adapted versions rural policy appear to be important components for insuring a strengthened support and a more effective policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Demetrios Psaltopoulos, Eudokia Balamou, Kenneth J. Thomson
2004
This paper presents an analysis and evaluation of the impacts of rural development policies implemented in the rural town of Archanes, an area in Crete which has received considerable rural development funds during the CSF I and II. A hybrid interregional Social Accounting Matrix approach is used to describe interlinkages between Archanes and neighbouring rural and urban localities. Then, preliminary results are reported on the diffusion- patterns of rural development policy impacts in terms of generated output and income. Results show that policy-related economic benefits leak primarily to the ’affluent’ urban area of Heraklion and marginally to the less-developed rural area of N. Kazantzakis. Taking account of the significant rural development policy investment that has taken place in Archanes in recent years, this finding raises doubts on the contribution of these policies towards the core EU policy-objective of cohesion.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Barbara Lampic, Irma Potočnik Slavič
2004
Slovenia is characterised by very specific conditions for agriculture (approx. 80 % of territory defined as LFA), extremely heterogeneous geographic features and therefore also by huge regional divergence – especially in rural areas (representing at least three-quarters of the state’s territory). Heterogeneity, mosaic structure and relatively good preserved environment and traditional patterns are general characteristics of Slovene rural areas and we consider the mentioned as development potential for the vast part of Slovenian rural areas. In the last decade, huge regional disperities have actually arisen. Although the agriculture has lost its importance in economy, the newly proposed Rural Development Programme (for time period 2004 – 2006) is based on agricultural and agri-environment measures and ignores the multifunctional character of rural areas.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Robert Gibbs, Paul Swaim, Ruy Teixeira
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1998, 200 с.
Книга-исследование о состоянии рынка труда в сельской местности США. Автором рассеивает миф о наличии огромного разрыва между уровнем повышения квалификации на месте работы, уровнем образования в сельской местности и уровнем образования в урбанизированных районах. В книге представлена реалистичная информация о структуре, слабых и сильных сторонах современного рынка труда, с предложениями новых методов для профессионального роста.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ред.: Ray Bollman, John Bryden
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997, 480 с.
The book consists of 30 chapters divided into seven parts. Seven chapters are reports of international comparative analyses prepared for the OECD Rural Development Programme. Another group of chapters focuses on retaining and retraining youth to stay in rural areas. Other issues addressed include lifestyle and residential choice, rural enterprises, policies to stimulate employment, the role of agriculture, and alternative niches including tourism and using the information highway. Case study material is drawn from several countries, including the USA, Canada, UK, Sweden and Finland. The book presents a timely review of an important subject that will interest a wide range of academics and policy makers in rural studies, whether from the perspective of economics, geography, sociology or planning.

Книга является сборником исследовательских работ по тематике развития сельской местности, являющейся актуальной областью исследования и применения различных мер политики в развитых странах. В центре исследований – занятость в сельской местности. Работы были представлены на конференции канадского фонда «Реструктуризация в сельской местности» в 1995 году, Квебек, Канада. Под редакцией Р.Болман, Д.Брайден
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Ред.: Lesley A. Roberts, Derek Hall
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 256 с.
Книга касается одной из актуальных (в проблематике развития сельской местности и создания дополнительной занятости) тем – создание зон отдыха и развитие туризма в сельской местности. В книге рассматриваются возможности для малых предприятий сельской местности переориентировать стратегии развития и продукты в целях привлечения и развития туризма. Книга представляет интерес, как для студентов, изучающих данную тематику, так и практиков.

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Евгения Викторовна Серова
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 81-106 с.
Russia’s agro-food sector has changed significantly during the reform period. Firstly, the agricultural production were transformed and the downstream sector has been privatized. The industry has become more sensitive to market signals.

Secondly, the state role in food distribution was diminished sharply and a new market infrastructure of the food chain has emerged. Thirdly, the food deficit typical for the centrally-planned economy was almost eliminated. These changes were achieved at the expense of a notable fall in agro-food output and the food consumption of citizens. At the same time, from 1997 to the first half of 1998, there have been a number of signs for a recovery of the agro-food economy, though the recovery was slow and even reversed by the impact of the financial crisis that hit Russia in the second half of 1998.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Uwe Eiteljorge, Monika Hartmann
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 243-269 с.
The collapse of the former Soviet Union has led to a sharp decline in the trading of agricultural products between its successor states. There have been attempts to revive these trade relations by means of bilateral and regional trade agreements. In addition, almost all member states of the CIS are in the process of negotiating accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO). Because of its size and agricultural production potential, the Russian Federation is of primary importance in this respect. The integration of the Russian Federation in the world economy, which is expected to result from its accession to the WTO, will have a sizeable impact not only on its own agricultural sector, but also on the world markets for agricultural products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Achim Fock, Peter Weingarten, Olaf Wahl, Mikhail Prokopiev
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 271-297 с.
The paper analyzes the impact of different agricultural trade policies on Russia’s bilateral trade patterns, price and quantity changes, and welfare effects for producers, consumers, and the state budget. Three experiments are simulated using a partial equilibrium model based on the Armington approach. The results show that the current situation of import tariff-free trade between Russia and other CIS countries has small positive welfare effects for the Russian Federation in comparison to a situation where import tariffs between these countries were to be imposed.

However, according to the results, an elimination of import tariffs against all trading partners is preferable for Russia in terms of net welfare. An increase in discriminatory trade barriers against non-CIS countries would cause overall welfare losses for the Russian economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Klaus Frohberg, Peter Voigt
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 39-80 с.
The 15 member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) departed all from the same system and pursue similar goals in the transition process. Hence, this paper discusses the economic development of these countries and evaluates the state it has reached so far.

The analysis indicates that while all the CIS countries have bilateral agreements only some countries have realized that the CIS is in fact in some ways beneficial for them. In fact, the economies of the CIS countries are very closely interrelated. However, the search for a new identity and the problem of ethnic heterogeneity have led to a strengthening of national borders. The tendency towards ethnic segregation is also a threat in the Russian Federation which could aggravate the vacuum of power as well as the economic crisis in the entire region.
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