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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 535

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Markus Mau
2002
Supply Chain Management as a business strategy can combine both microeconomic and macroeconomic aspects of preferred value chains. This paper
(1) shows the impact of SCM,
(2) stretches out the three dimensions of performance, costs and quality of the processes along the supply chain and
(3) highlights the SCM-enabler.
The method of a process chain analysis is demonstrated for the allocation of resources. Various results of carried out and studies in progress are given and identified through the classification into economical and management aspects.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Simon Maxwell
Durban, 2003
Rural development has not received the priority and attention warranted by the present and future concentration of poverty in rural areas. Is this perhaps because rural development agencies present conflicting narratives? A framework is presented within which to answer that question, and is then applied to the recent policy statements of the EU, FAO, IFAD and the World Bank. Each policy statement is compelling in its own way, but the strategies are not consistent. A narrative is needed which: recognises the rapid pace of change in rural areas; acknowledges the overriding need for diversification out of agriculture; builds market institutions for growth; and works effectively within the current international consensus on poverty reduction, emphasising opportunity, empowerment and security.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Leigh J. Maynard, Jason Hartell, A. Lee Meyer, Jianqiang Hao
Durban, 2003
An experimental store was created to evaluate initial demand for locally-produced and guaranteed tender steak products as a more realistic alternative to contingent valuation (CV) and dichotomous-choice experimental methods. Strengths of the approach are incentive compatibility, a realistic consumption set, and a familiar choice environment. Consumers selected among USDA Choice, premium quality, lean, guaranteed tender, and locally-produced strip steaks. Double-hurdle count data model indicated initial willingness-topay for locally-produced steak comparable to prior CV results, but demand was highly elastic. Demand for premium quality steak crowded out demand for the guaranteed tender product, contrasting with prior dichotomous-choice experimental results.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Armelle Maze
2002
The optimal level of formalisation of contracts and their dynamic is at stake in the economic literature on the optimum design of ex post renegotiation with third party enforcement. Another theoretical interpretation is that contract adaptations may also reflect mutual learning process between contractors. Why transactors write explicit contract that they know cannot be court enforced ?

The central idea is that explicit contract terms makes it clearer to the transactors what has been agreed upon, thus are decreasing the cost of private enforcement sanctions (Klein, 1996). Empirical evidences are provided by the diachronic analysis of the full set of tri-partite contracts between one of the top-ten french large retailer and its beef suppliers before and after the BSE crisis (period 1993-1999). The analysis emphasizes also the role of this increased codification of supply contracts with a progressive change in the internal retailer’s organization, i.e. increased centralization of decision and supervision mechanisms. Contract design and organizational choices are then strongly interrelated.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Mario Mazzocchi, Gianluca Stefani
2002
The paper develops a measure of consumer welfare losses associated with withheld information about BSE linkage with vCJD. food safety. The Cost of Ignorance (COI) is measured by comparing the utility of the informed choice with the utility of the uninformed one, under condition of improved information. Unlike previous work, based on a single equation demand model, the measure is obtained retrieving a cost function from a dynamic Almost Ideal Demand System. The results indicate that Italian consumers bore a significant loss because of the delayed release of information.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Stephen G. Mbogoh, Florence M. Wambugu, Sam Wakhusama
2003
This article is based on a socio-economic impact study of the introduction and adoption of tissue-culture (tc) technology in banana production in Kenya. It attempts to demonstrate that a prudent introduction and promotion of a new biotechnological innovation in farming can make a positive contribution to the socio- economic status of resource poor farmers in a developing country, such as Kenya. Adoption of tc technology in banana production in Kenya is considered a good example of biotechnological applications in agriculture. Hence the article hopes to make a contribution to recent debates at international levels as to whether biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world (Qaim, 1999; Graff, et al 2002; Qaim, et al 2002) by showing that it actually does so, using experiences from Kenya. The study utilizes both primary and secondary data sources. The results show that tc-banana production is relatively more capital intensive than non-tc banana production (re: about 70% fixed costs for tc banana versus about 49% fixed costs for non-tc banana). However, tc-banana production is found to offer relatively much higher financial returns than non-tc banana production. The high profitability of tc-banana production relative to traditional (non-tc) banana production and other farm enterprises in the pilot tc-banana project area in Kenya demonstrates the importance of biotechnological applications in rural development and shows that biotechnology can make a difference in uplifting the living standards of people in the third world. Therefore, efforts to promote tc-banana production in Kenya are justifiable from both food security and economic criteria.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-08-2006
Howard Means
Москва: Аналитика, 2002, 256 с.
Лицо всех отраслей экономики – от торговых судов до микропроцессоров – всегда определялось могущественными лидерами бизнеса, оказывавшими поворотное воздействие на развитие коммерции. Эти пророческие личности появлялись, принося свои продукты и идеи, точно в подходящий момент времени, невольно способствуя свершению определяющей перемены прошлого тысячелетия – перетеканию денег и власти от Церкви и короны к новой светской империи бизнеса.
Эта книга написана на основе одноименного документального сериала CNBC "Деньги и власть" (продюсер и режиссер - Дэвид Грубин (David Grubin), удостоен премии Emmy).
Она ведет читателя в захватывающее путешествие по местам рождения бизнеса – от феодальных поместий средневековой Европы и многолюдных улиц древней Венеции до тихих лабораторий Силиконовой долины. Написанная первоклассным журналистом, редактором и романистом Говардом Минзом (Howard Means), книга знакомит нас с драматической историей того, как магнаты-первопроходцы и их династии прокладывали путь к богатству и процветанию и формировали современный мир. Описывая происхождение ремесел, банковского дела, промышленности, торговли и власти на Востоке и Западе, книга переносит читателя во времени из одного бурлящего делового центра в другой.
Рассказ сопровождается биографическими очерками таких легендарных личностей, как: Св. Годрик (St. Godric), монах, живший в XII веке, чьи неукротимые амбиции помогли ему порвать с предрассудками и создать свое собственное богатство – пока судьба не повела его по другому пути; Роберт Вудрафф (Robert Woodruff), воспользовавшийся эффектом "сжимающегося земного шара" и Второй мировой войной, чтобы создать первую глобальную торговую марку – Coca-Cola; Джеймс Ватт (James Watt) и Мэтью Боултон (Matthew Boulton), предложившие роторный паровой двигатель как раз в то время, когда промышленность выдвинула новые требования к энергоснабжению; Генри Форд (Henry Ford), который создавал не только автомобили, но и рыночный спрос на них – что сделало его богаче, чем даже Карнеги (Carnegies) и Рокфеллеры (Rockefellers); Билл Гейтс (Bill Gates), чьи предпринимательские инстинкты и совершенное знание технологий заслужили ему славу и состояние, ставшие неотъемлемой частью Информационного века.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Patricia Mejias, Consuelo Varela-Ortega, Guillermo Flichman
2003
The interactions of water policies and agricultural policies are increasingly determinant for achieving an efficient management of water resources in many countries. In the EU, agricultural and environmental policies are seeking to converge progressively towards mutually compatible objectives and, in this context, the recently reformed Common agricultural Policy (Agenda 2000) and the EU Water Framework Directive constitute the policy framework in which irrigated agriculture and hence water use will evolve. In fact, one of the measures of the European Water Directive is to establish a water pricing policy for improving water use and attaining a more efficient water allocation. The aim of this research is to investigate the irrigators. responses to these changing policy developments in a self-managed irrigation district in Southern Spain. For this purpose, we have developed a stochastic programming model that estimates the farmers. responses to the application of water pricing policies in different agricultural policies scenarios when water availability is subject to varying climate conditions and water storage capacity in the district.s reservoir. Results show that irrigators are price-responsive but a similar water-pricing policy could have distinct effects on water use, farmers. income and collected revenue by the water authority in different agricultural policy options. Water availability is a determinant factor and pricing policies are less effective for reducing water consumption in drought years. Thus, there is a need to integrate the objectives of Water Policies within the objectives of the CAP programs to avoid distortion effects and to seek a synergy between these two policies.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
J. Meyer
2003
Applied econometric analyses of market integration based on price data alone have been criticised, because they neglect the role of transaction costs. To meet this objection threshold vector error correction models are used. Threshold models can account for the effects of transaction costs in price transmission without directly relying upon information about these costs, which are often unavailable. Results from threshold models that are based on two thresholds provide results that are economically more intuitive than those obtained from one threshold models. However there is no adequate econometric test for threshold significance in a two- threshold model available so far; such tests are only available for the one threshold model. In this paper a restricted two-threshold model is developed in which the significance of the thresholds can be tested. This model is therefore amenable to economic interpretation and statistical inference. This model is used to estimate market integration on the European pig market.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Klaus Mittenzwei
2002
This paper is concerned with the timing of an agricultural policy reform under uncertainty. The focus is on the opportunity cost of giving up the option to wait when implementing a policy reform. Including the option value in applied policy analysis can help explain why conventional analyses may find observed policies to be Pareto-inferior. Furthermore, it explains why otherwise profitable policy reforms may be delayed. The theoretical model is applied to Norwegian agricultural policy anticipating a prospective WTO agreement. It is argued that the option value should be incorporated into applied policy analysis when high uncertainty prevails.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Elisa Montresor
2002
The purpose of this work is to contribute with some reflections to the debate that has flourished in recent years around two issues: rural development and systemic reading of the territorial articulation of agricultural development. In the numerous investigations conducted in Italy and elsewhere, the analytical approach adopted (institutional level and investigation units, choice of indicators and of the analytical instruments) has profound repercussions on rural policies, according to its wider or narrower formulation. After a brief reflection on the approaches to rural development, highlighting the contradictions of institutional intervention, the study proposes a critical description of some results of the Italian investigations. The aim is to contribute to the definition of an analytical approach for evaluating the dynamics in progress in the agricultural and rural development at different decisional levels (EU, national, regional). The proposed instruments satisfy some requirements: the repeatability of the investigation at different times and in a variety of contexts, the flexibility for the adaptability to the mosaic of situations in the rural world, the applicability at different territorial levels.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Daniele Moro, Paolo Sckokai, Claudio Soregaroli
2002
In this paper we present a partial equilibrium model for the bovine sector (beef and dairy) in Italy, which can be used for simulation and forecasting. The structure of the model follows the vertical chain of the beef and dairy sector, allowing trade of both agricultural raw materials and final products. Since the processing and retailing stage is characterised by an imperfectly competitive structure, the model accounts for market power in modeling the price transmission mechanism. This provides further insights on the vertical transmission of shocks, both at the final level (i.e. the BSE crisis) and at the farm level (i.e. agricultural policy reform).
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Charles Moss, Andrew Schmitz
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, 304 с.
Авторы пытаются определить экономические детерминанты стоимости земли и последствия изменения цены земли на примере США и Канады. Анализ построен на рассмотрении следующих разделов : исторический обзор структуры и поведения земельного рынка в США, связь между стоимостью фермерской земли и аграрной политикой США, рынок капитала и стоимость фермерских земель, механика функционирования рынка фермерской земли с точки зрения издержек по покупке и продаже земельных участков, экология и проблемы расширяющейся урбанизации, государственное регулирование в области запрета на владение фермерской землёй иностранными гражданами и его влияние на стоимость фермерских земельных наделов в Канаде.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Wayne Moyer, Timothy Josling
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1990, 256 с.
Книга об аграрной политике США и ЕС. Рассматриваются различные подходы в области поддержки сельского хозяйства и отношения между ЕС и США. В анализе процесса принятия решений по сельскому хозяйству авторами используются современные модели из теории общественного выбора. Затрагивается международный аспект либерализации торговли сельскохозяйственной продукции и противоречивость внутренних аграрных политик.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Khalid Mushtaq, Phil J. Dawson
2003
We seek to quantify and evaluate the supply (yield) response of wheat and cotton in Pakistan using cointegration analysis and annual data for 1960-96. The results reveal that wheat supply is significantly influenced by the prices of wheat, cotton and fertilizer, the percentage area under high yielding wheat varieties, and the rabi season (winter) water availability. The cotton supply is found to be significantly influenced by the real cotton price, the real fertilizer price, and the irrigated area. The wheat supply was found to be inelastic both in the short- and long-run. However, cotton supply was elastic in the long-run.
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