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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 535

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Yasuo Ohe
2002
Understanding the demand profile of rural tourism is a necessary condition for the successful diversification of any rural economy. Although descriptive analyses have been conducted on this issue, a more generalized framework is required that allows us to explore economic analyses. This paper evaluates the leisure behavior of households that have a preference for rural tourism in Japan. First, we give conceptual consideration to the notion that leisure behavior should be regarded as a form of a home production and explain that households that undertake rural tourism have undergone an upward shift in the home production function to realize a higher utility level. We propose that a preference for rural recreation causes this shift by improving the efficiency of the home production of leisure. Second, as an actual behavior of rural tourism, the characteristics of visitors to pick-your-own farms were statistically tested using data from a nation-wide survey on tourism. Finally, the rural preference function was estimated. The results revealed that the profile of households showing a preference for rural tourism demonstrated both up-market and niche market characteristics, which mirrored findings in European countries emphasizing the importance of a higher academic background, stronger orientation towards outdoor recreation, and greater discrimination with respect to the quality of services and goods received. Preference for rural recreation can be enhanced through the provision of authentic, high quality service and goods and the preservation of the rural environment. Therefore, there will be an increased demand for a farm policy that integrates both agricultural and rural measures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Kent Olson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, 416 с.
Учебник является новейшим представлением управления сельскохозяйственным предприятием. Рассматриваются стратегические и операционные аспекты управления. Это незаменимый справочник для управленцев, работающих в сельском хозяйстве. Внимание уделено написанию бизнес-плана и инновационным, современным методам оценки решений. В отличие от других изданий по управлению, в учебник вместе с традиционным материалом по бюджетированию, маркетинговому, финансовому планированию, управлению персоналом, вошли такие разделы как стратегический менеджмент, планирование производственного процесса и отдельных операций, управление качеством и контроль, оценка производственных контактов, принятие решений за рамками традиционного микроэкономического анализа.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Shunji Oniki
2003
As modern agricultural growth has been attained through increasing use of material input, it is discussed whether agricultural growth can be sustained in the long run within the limit of environmental tolerance. In order to investigate the possibility of the long-run growth, this study applies aghion and howitt's schumpeterian growth model, and conducts empirical analyses using rice production panel data from eight regions in japan for the period 1984 to 1999. Estimation of the translog cost function, which incorporates quality improvement effects, as well as the growth accounting estimation, reveals that the growth with quality improvement occurs, as the growth with increasing material input is stagnant. The quality-based innovation does not lead to increases in chemical input, implying the shift in innovation plays a key role in attaining sustainable development, which also explains a greater increase in pollution at the early stage of development and its slowing down. Sustainable growth can be attained through quality innovation even if environmental regulations are tightened.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Karl M. Ortner
2004
The evaluation of rural development programs in the EU should provide information on the implementation and impacts of EAGGF co-financed programs in accordance with Council Regulation (EC) Nr. 1257/1999, help to re-orient existing programs in terms of their goals and budget allocation in order to improve the administration, implementation and the achievements of their targets. This presents an overview of mi-term evaluation results of measures to improve marketing of agricultural quality products in Austria. They are offered in the rural areas of all federal states and received 2.4 Mio. € of public assistance in the years 2000 to 2002; 179 projects were approved during that period. The effects of the measures undertaken were estimated according to the guidelines of the European Commission, DG AGRI, on the basis of monitoring data collected at the application stage and data from a questionnaire. The results are discussed with a view to isolate indicators which would allow for an unambiguous ranking of programs.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Keijiro Otsuka
Berlin, 2000
Based on the recently completed project on land tenure and the management of land and trees in Asia and Africa (Otsuka and Place 2000), this article attempts to identify the process by which population pressure leads to the individualization of land rights and its consequences on the management of land and trees. A particular focus will be placed on the development of agroforestry systems growing commercial trees, such as cocoa, coffee, cinnamon, and rubber, which are becoming important farming systems in agriculturally marginal areas, where people are particularly poor and natural forests have been degraded rapidly (Otsuka 2000).

The conceptual framework is discussed in the next section, which is followed by the examination of the results of case studies on the management of trees and cropland. Policy implications of this study are discussed in the final section.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Emily A. Ouma, Gideon A. Obare, Steven J. Staal
Durban, 2003
This paper uses data from a survey of two hundred and fifty cattle keeping households in three cattle keeping systems; intensive, semi-intensive and extensive systems to estimate the value of non-market, socio- economic benefits of cattle in Kenya. These benefits of cattle keeping are of special importance in developing countries, where financial markets function poorly and opportunities for risk management through formal insurance generally absent. However, when estimating the total contribution of livestock, these non - market functions are often ignored since they are difficult to value, yet they may contribute to a better understanding of livestock production systems. The use of contingent valuation method is employed in this study to elicit these non-market values. Econometric estimations are then used to assess the factors influencing the non - market benefits function. The results indicate that these benefits are highly valued by cattle keepers and comprise approximately 20% of the animal.s total value across the three systems. They are influenced by various production system and household related factors. Implications for policy are drawn.
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Опубликовано на портале: 07-10-2008
Ariel Pakes, Ulrich Doraszelski
Amsterdam: Elsevier Science, 2007, cерия "Handbooks in Economics", 3
This paper reviews a framework for numerically analyzing dynamic interactions in imperfectly competitive industries. The framework dates back to Ericson and Pakes [1995. Review of Economic Studies 62, 53–82], but it is based on equilibrium notions that had been available for some time before, and it has been extended in many ways by different authors since. The framework requires as input a set of primitives which describe the institutional structure in the industry to be analyzed. The framework outputs profits and policies for every incumbent and potential entrant at each possible state of the industry.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Christos Pantzios, Stelios Rozakis, Vangelis Tzouvelekas
2002
Utilizing the stochastic frontier approach, this paper estimates output and input-oriented technical and scale efficiency levels for a sample of cotton-growing farms in Thessaly, Greece. The empirical results suggest that Greek cotton farm operations are technically and scale inefficient. There is a considerable scope for improvement in resource use and thereby in farm income of cotton farms; Greek cotton farmers could reduce production costs by 20.4%, making more efficient utilization of the existing production technology. Factors responsible for the technical efficiency differentials observed among cotton-growers include the farmer’s age and education as well as the farm’s land fragmentation and output specialization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Quirino Paris
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1991, 352 с.
Introduces linear programming based on economic concepts to advanced students of economics and agricultural economics with limited knowledge of linear algebra and calculus.

Учебник по линейному программированию и прикладных моделях в экономике и аграрной экономике для студентов старших курсов.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-03-2005
Sabrina Pascotto, Giorgio De Ros
2004
Starting from the redistribution of the CAP budget and particularly with the EU regulation 1257/99 on rural development, the role of traditional farmers has been redesigned so to meet new market requirements, especially in the sense of quality of products, services, food and health security, environmental management, that means economical as well as social conditions (Shucksmith et al., 2002). For what Italian legislation concerns, recently the D.Lgs. 228/2001 defined the farmer no longer as a pure producer of agricultural foodstuffs, but as a farm-manager, more involved in all the various levels of the filière of his products. This paper focuses attention on the Province of Trento, in the Italian Alps. The starting point of this research has been the investigation of the local legislation regarding agricultural and rural matter. We identified all the typologies of interventions available for local farmers since 1994 compatible with the EU provisions and intended to promote diversification, i.e. non agricultural activities carried out by farmers beside their original or traditional farming activities.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
David Pearce, Kerry Turner
USA: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990, 392 с.
Учебник начального уровня по экономике использования природных ресурсов и окружающей среды. Раскрываются основные понятия, модели, проблематика.

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
John Pender, Ephraim Nkonya, Pamela Jagger, Dick Sserunkuuma, Henry Ssali
Durban, 2003
This paper estimates a structural econometric model of household decisions regarding income strategies, participation in programs and organizations, crop choices, land management, and labor use, and their implications for agricultural production and land degradation; based upon a survey of over 450 households and their farm plots in Uganda. The results generally support the Boserupian model of population-induced agricultural intensification, but do not support the .more people-less erosion. hypothesis, with population pressure found to contribute to erosion in the densely populated highlands. Agricultural technical assistance programs have location-specific impacts on agricultural production and land degradation, contributing to higher value of crop production in the lowlands, but to soil erosion in the highlands. By contrast, NGO programs focusing on agriculture and environment are helping to reduce erosion, but have mixed impacts on production. We find little evidence of impact of access to markets, roads and credit, land tenure or title on agricultural intensification and crop production, though road access appears to contribute to land degradation in the highlands. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. We do not find evidence of a poverty-land degradation trap, while poverty has mixed impacts on agricultural production: smaller farms obtain higher crop production per hectare, while households with fewer livestock have crop production. These findings suggest that development of factor markets can improve agricultural efficiency. Several other factors that contribute to increased value of crop production, without significant impacts on land degradation, include specialized crop production, livestock and nonfarm income strategies, and irrigation. In general, the results imply that the strategies to increase agricultural production and reduce land degradation must be location-specific, and that there are few .win-win. opportunities to simultaneously increase production and reduce land degradation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
John Penson, Oral Capps, Parr Rossen
New York: Prentice-Hall, 2001, 580 с.
Учебник начального уровня по аграрной экономике. Рассматриваются микроэкономические и макроэкономические аспекты рыночных сил, влияющих на процесс принятия решений производителем и потребителем, поведение потребителя, поведение производителей, состояние рыночного равновесия, механизмы государственного вмешательства в АПК, макроэкономика сельского хозяйства, международная торговля сельскохозяйственной продукцией.

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Guirao Perez, Cano Fernandez, Lopez M.I. Yurda, Rodriguez Donate
2002
In this paper we measure the impact of an individual’s socioeconomic conditions on the decision to consume wine in a traditionally wine-producing area. Based on the data obtained in an exhaustive survey on wine consumption and through discrete choice models, we assess the changes which come about in the decisions to consume the different types of wine under consideration, and we obtain the most relevant distinctive and differentiated characteristics for each one of them.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
E. Wesley Peterson
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2001, 416 с.
Учебник по анализу политики в области сельского хозяйства, природных ресурсов и окружающей среды предназначен для студентов последнего года обучения в бакалавриате и начального уровня обучения в магистратуре. Студентам предлагается система знаний по анализу политики в данных областях, описываются аналитические методы для оценки эффекта от политики (метод выгод и издержек, частичного равновесия, моделирование всей экономики) с примерами из практики, рассматривается международный аспект.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)