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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 535

Авторы:
А Б ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧ Ш ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г Д ЕЖЗ И ЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С Т У ФХЦ ЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Frederick M. Scherer, David Ross
Москва: Инфра-М, 1997
Фундаментальная книга по отраслевой организации, которая считается учебником, хотя напоминает монографию (на первое английское издание очень много ссылок в научной литературе). Книга написана свободным ясным языком. Обсуждение скорее вербальное и графическое, чем формальное. Плюсы книги - хорошая формулировка теоретических проблем и богатая библиография, недостатки - отсутствие учебных атрибутов (вопросы, задачи).

Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2003
Gerald Schluter, Chinkook Lee
Durban, 2003
Rapid developments in E-commerce can bring efficiency in the food market system by cutting transaction costs. However, it can also bring a battleground between developed and developing countries and also within developed countries because the New Economy emphasizes knowledge-based labor practices and low-skilled workers of trading nations compete for a shrinking need for their services. An Input-Output model is used to examine the effects on high-skilled and low-skilled worker demand, particularly in food and agriculture. The food and agriculture industries are significant employers of low-skilled labor. Food and agriculture trade has reduced low-skilled labor demand in the United States.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Erwin Schmid
2004
The aim of this paper is to analyse the question whether the recent Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform is counter-productive to the objectives of the rural development programme or alleviating the attainment of its objectives. Austria is chosen as a case study because i) the rural development programme is more important than commodity policies as measured by total transfers, and ii) agricultural services and inseparable secondary activities have a relatively large share on total agricultural sector output. An agricultural sector model is presented that captures core features of the rural development programme including: a) broad regional, structural and activity differentiation, b) sufficient coverage of programme components (in particular agri-environmental measures), and c) secondary activities addressed by the programme. Simulation results show that the recent CAP reform will reduce the cost of production, lessen environmental harm and make the programme for rural development more attractive for farmers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
David J. Sedik, Michael A. Trueblood, Carlos Arnade
Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2000, 495-512 с.
In this paper, we consider the extent to which there has been genuine restructuring of Russian corporate farms by oblast and attempt to explain the various levels of farm restructuring by oblast.

To do this, we measure the average level of technical efficiency of crop production on corporate farms by oblast over the period 1991-1995 and the change in technical efficiency by oblast over that period. We find that many of the producing regions that were relatively efficient before the reforms have maintained this status since reforms began. However, the most inefficient regions have become even more inefficient. We also find that variations in efficiency by oblast can be explained by economic and institutional factors, including shocks in relative prices, average farm size, the extent of state marketing channels, the degree of privatization, subsidy levels, and movement towards crop specialization.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Eduardo Segarra, Daniel G. de la Torre Ugarte, Jaime Malaga, Gary W. Williams
Durban, 2003
A non-linear optimization model which maximizes total Ecuadorian social welfare, defined as the sum of Consumers’ and producers’ surpluses for the four major crops (corn, bananas, rice and African palm) is developed to evaluate the tradeoff between welfare and environmental degradation in Ecuador. It was found that a total welfare loss of US$122 million (a 11 percent reduction - from US$ 1.112 billion to US$ 989.66 million) would be expected from a 30 percent reduction in the total pesticide load on the environment in the production of the four major crops. The distributional impacts of the welfare loss were found, however, to be significantly skewed toward the loss of consumers’ surplus. Specifically, a 30 percent reduction of total pesticide load on the environment would result in a reduction of 3.86 percent of producers’ total surplus while consumers would be expected to loose 19.46 percent of their total surplus.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
George Seperich, James Beierlein, Michael Woolverton
USA: Pearson Education, 1996, 298 с.
Данный учебник представляет собой пособие начального уровня по маркетингу в агробизнесе. Агробизнес рассматривается как индустрия, состоящая из таких составных частей как снабжение ресурсами сельского хозяйства, сельскохозяйственное производство, переработка продукции, производство конечной продукции и распределение (дистрибьюция).

Опубликовано на портале: 03-01-2004
Ron Shaffer, Steve Deller, Dave Marcouiller
USA: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2004, 384 с.
Книга знакомит читателя с несельскохозяйственной занятостью на селе, проблемами развития и устойчивого развития сельской местности. Основные разделы книги: экономическое развитие села (аграрных общин), теория роста, пространственная теория, концепции сельских рынков, рынки земли, рынки труда и развитие села, рынки капитала, технологии-инновации и развитие села, нерыночные товары и услуги, местное самоуправление - товары общественного сектора и экономика села, институты и общество, моделирование политики и принятие решений, экономическое развитие села в практике, описательные инструменты для анализа экономического развития села, инструменты для анализа экономического развития села - инференциальные модели фиксированной цены, инструменты для анализа экономического развития села- эндогенные модели цены, выводы и взгляд в будущее.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-12-2003
Ron Shaffer, Steve Deller, Dave Marcouiller
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2004, 384 с.
Книга знакомит читателя с несельскохозяйственной занятостью на селе, проблемами развития и устойчивого развития сельской местности. Основные разделы книги: экономическое развитие села (аграрных общин), теория роста, пространственная теория, концепции сельских рынков, рынки земли, рынки труда и развитие села, рынки капитала, технологии-инновации и развитие села, нерыночные товары и услуги, местное самоуправление - товары общественного сектора и экономика села, институты и общество, моделирование политики и принятие решений, экономическое развитие села в практике, описательные инструменты для анализа экономического развития села, инструменты для анализа экономического развития села - инференциальные модели фиксированной цены, инструменты для анализа экономического развития села - эндогенные модели цены, выводы и взгляд в будущее.

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Geoffrey Shepherd, Gene Futrell
Iowa: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1982, 436 с.
В книге рассматриваются общие принципы маркетинга и прикладные методы для анализа маркетинговых ситуаций.

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Bekele Shiferaw, Stein Holden
2003
The paper examines the interlinkages between population pressure and poverty, possible impacts on household welfare and land management, and the consequent pathways of development in a low potential rural economy. A dynamic non-separable bio-economic model, calibrated using data from the Ethiopian highlands, is used to trace key relationships between population pressure, poverty and soil fertility management in smallholder agriculture characterized by high levels of soil degradation. Farm households maximize their discounted utility over the planning horizon. Land, labor and credit markets are imperfect. Hence, production, consumption and investment decisions are jointly determined in each period. The level of soil degradation is endogenous and has feedback effects on the stock and quality of the resource base. This may in turn influence land management choices. Under high population pressure, land becomes dearer relative to labor. This is likely to induce conservation investments, especially when conservation technologies do not take land out of production. When markets are imperfect, poverty in vital assets (e.g., oxen and labor) limits the ability or the willingness to invest in conservation and may lead to a less sustainable pathway. Boserup-type responses are more likely when (privately) profitable technologies exist and market imperfections do not limit farm-households' investment options.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Giovanni Signorello, Gioacchino Pappalardo
2002
In this paper we report on preliminary results of a research aimed to examine the content of farm animal biodiversity conservation actions currently under implementation in the European Union in the framework of EU Agenda 2000. In particular, we surveyed sixty-three Rural Development Plans (RDPs) set up in twelve countries in application of EEC regulations 1257/99 and 1750/99. Our analysis focused on endangered breeds of six major livestock species included in the RDPs. This analysis, which is based on the comparison with the indicator’s status of the DAD-IS FAO database, allowed to identify priorities in conservation efforts in each country, and estimate the level of expected public expenditure needed to ensure the moving of breeds from at-risk (of extinction) status to not-at-risk status over the period 2000-2006.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2005
Franz Sinabell, Герхард Штрейхер
2004
Community legislation requires that the programme for rural development is evaluated. A detailed set of indicators was developed by the commission and member states are required to use them to measure program success. To make results comparable requires that the methodology by which indicators are measured is well defined. However, this is not the case in this evaluation task. We take a small set of indicators and use two different approaches using the same sample and show that the results are deviating. We conclude that the success of this programme can only be compared across measures/regions when both, indicators and method are the same.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Louis H.G. Slangen, Cornelis G. van Kooten, Pavel Suchanek
2002
The agricultural sector in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is confronted by two huge problems simultaneously: transition processes and sustainability. Institutions are very important for both these problems. The purpose of this paper is to make clear that the institutional setting is very important, and to give insight into the initial situation of institutions for sustainability and transitions. For this purpose we carried out surveys in CEE with questions about government performance, institutional environment, government structures and social capital. There is strong relationship between the determinants of good government performance in general and those for good government for realizing sustainable agriculture. However, besides formal rules, the informal rules of the institutional environment and social capital are also very important for realizing of sustainable agriculture. Results of surveys show that these institutional elements and the level of social capital are different in the countries of CEE, and have to be developed. Knowledge of government performance, institutional environment and social capital is a necessary condition for developing more suitable governance structures for realizing sustainable agriculture.
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Опубликовано на портале: 04-01-2004
Melinda Smale
Berlin, 2000
This paper organizes evidence on the problem of in situ conservation for rice, wheat, and maize around the decision-making criterion of the minimum viable reserve (Krutilla, 1967). Put simply, Krutilla argued that while technological change can compensate for the depletion of some stocks, amenities that members of post-industrial society (and developing societies) consume may be lost. Acknowledging that too little was known about the instrumental variables in this dynamic problem, he recommended the identification, based on scientific assessments, of a minimum reserve. He argued that these reservations should meet not only scientific purposes but also the demand for “esoteric” or recreational consumer tastes, such as the enjoyment of the existence of a grand scenic wonder. Similarly, though modern biological techniques can in some instances modify the size of the crop genetic resource stock, proponents of in situ conservation of cultivated crops would argue that certain alleles may be lost as the spatial pattern of crop varieties grown in the fields of the world’s farmers changes with economic development. Furthermore, some food-related amenities around which culture is now defined in local communities and “esoteric” (luxury) food attributes for which consumers in post-industrial societies could eventually be willing to pay may also disappear.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Sinne Smed, Jorgen Dejgaard Jensen
2002
This paper examines the cross-impacts of food safety news concerning one product on the demand for another product, using the Danish demand for pasteurized eggs versus shell eggs as an illustrative case. The study identifies news with a temporary impact and news with a permanent impact on consumers’ food demand behavior. The techniques used to identify the permanent versus temporary news are recursive estimation and parameter stability. Whereas “permanent” news is identified to be represented by a specific individual event, “temporary” news concerning salmonella in eggs is aggregated into a news-index variable. Both temporary and permanent news concerning salmonella in shell eggs appear to have significant positive impacts on the demand for pasteurized eggs. The model is estimated as an Error Correction Model. Consumers are found to adjust quite rapidly to both temporary and permanent news. Both the composition of egg consumption accounted as mean budget shares varies across socio-demographic household groups as well as the impact of the considered permanent news.
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