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Аграрная экономика - – это часть экономической теории. Она изучает использование ограниченных ресурсов в производстве, переработке, реализации и потреблении продовольствия... (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 487

Авторы:
АБ ВГ Д Е ЖЗИ ЙК Л М Н О П Р С Т У ФХ ЦЧШ ЩЭЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
 
Названия:
А БВ Г ДЕЖЗИЙК ЛМ Н О П Р С ТУФХЦЧШЩЭ ЮЯ
A B C D E F G H I JKL M N O P Q R S T U V W XY Z
 

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Annalisa Zezza
2002
The paper analyzes the changes that have taken place in the nature of agriculture information and their consequences on the public role of related public services with specific regard to process undergoing in the European Union. Increased interest in food quality and food safety issues in a global consumer driven society, together with major attention to environmental and ethical issues related to food production, enlarge both the object of agricultural information and the audience of stakeholders in the food chain and in the general public. Information policy with regard to a multifunctional approach to agriculture, can be finalized to correct three main sources of market failures as access to information, quality and adverse selection and externalities and provision of public goods. The privatization of agricultural research and extension, although useful from the point of view of economic efficiency, poses a number of threats to the development of knowledge for sustainable agriculture. If the public sector decides to move away from the delivering of services, public action can still be relevant in orienting, targeting, regulating and funding in win-win solutions where the advantages of public extension, as open access and evaluation of social priorities, join efficiency and market orientation of the private sector.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 12-12-2003
Linxiu Zhang, Alan de Brauw, Scott Rozelle
Durban, 2003
The major objective of this paper is to discuss the development of rural labor markets in China during the past two decades and understand how it has affected women. Using household survey data that we collected in 2001, we examine the role of women in labor markets by examining employment and migration trends and changes in wages. According to the data of our nearly national representative sample, we find that there has been a sharp overall increase in off-farm participation, most of the increase has been driven by young migrants, and women, especially those in the youngest cohorts, have participated at rates equaling or surpassing those of their male counterparts. We also find that the wages of women have not been adversely affected by the emergence of liberalized labor markets and that when women, mostly middle-aged and older ones, are left in charge of farm work, the productivity of crop production does not fall.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003
Jing Zhu
Durban, 2003
China’s accession to the WTO poses great challenges to the Chinese agricultural sector, especially to the grain producers. Compared with major grain exporters in the world, most grain crops in China are high in production cost and weak in market competitiveness. This can be partly attributed to the fact that Chinese farmers are facing with poorer agricultural production infrastructures and inadequate public investment in agricultural research and extension, which leads to the lower efficiency in private inputs and thus higher private cost per unit of product. After China joining the WTO, protective and administrative measures conflicted with the URAA cannot be utilized as before. Alternative measures should be explored to provide help to farmers to improve competitiveness of their product. Public investment in agricultural research and other production infrastructures should be considered with high priority as one of the policy alternatives.

This paper examines the effects of public investment in agricultural research on the reduction of production cost of major grain crops in China by using crop-specific data for the past 20 year. It is concluded that, increasing public investment in agricultural research, which is well within the ‘green box’ policy framework and allowed by the WTO rules, is a plausible and effective measure to reduce grain producer’s private input and to enhance the competitiveness of grain products. It is also of great significance to sustained food security in China.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 30-11-2003
Henrik Zobbe
2002
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was founded in the 1950s with price support as the main policy instrument. Despite massive criticism from both within and outside the EU, price support remains the backbone of the CAP. This paper argues that the choice of price support was logical viewed in both historical and economical perspectives, and gives three reasons for this. First, even though talks on agricultural integration began immediately after the war, the CAP was a result of general economic integration in Europe rather than the reason for it. Second, the structure of the CAP was determined by the agricultural policies of the six founding countries. The third and last reason is related to the economic characteristics of running a price support system. The six countries together were net importers of agricultural products and could thereby benefit from import levies. Price support is paid for by the consumers, and European consumers had been paying high prices for food for a long time. This, together with a high level of economic growth in Europe in the 1960s, made it easier for the governments to choose this policy rather than a policy based on direct payments financed by taxpayers that would have put pressure on the national fiscal budgets of the six countries.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 29-11-2003
Sergiy Zorya, Stephan Cramon-Taubadel
2002
Competitiveness has been a subject of considerable attention in agricultural economics. In this paper we study the development of the international competitiveness of Ukrainian crop production between 1996 and 2001 using the concepts of Domestic Resource Cost and Private Cost Ratio. We distinguish between ‘average’ and ‘best’ farms to get a comprehensive picture of farm competitiveness in Ukraine. Our main conclusion is that agriculture responds quickly to incentives, and there are indications that Ukrainian agriculture has entered a phase of dynamic development. A shortage of human capital and physical bottlenecks in grain and oilseeds marketing could limit this development in coming years; if policy makers respond to these risks Ukraine could easily be a global player by the end of the current decade.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2003

Upper Saddler River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2001, 235 с.
Книга является базовой для изучения международного сельского хозяйства. В учебнике рассматриваются такие основные моменты в системе международной торговли продукцией сельского хозяйства как политика в области сельского хозяйства, прямые иностранные инвестиции, технические барьеры, макроэкономика, проблемы защиты окружающей среды, предпочтительные торговые соглашения. В свете представленной проблематики студенты получают информацию о механизмах работы торговых режимов, а также победителях и проигравших при изменении условий торговли. Книга состоит из следующих глав : введение в торговлю сельскохозяйственной продукцией; выгоды от торговли; торговая политика стран-импортёров; торговая политика стран-экспортёров; технические барьеры в торговле; многосторонние переговоры по торговле – ГАТТ и ВТО; предпочтительные торговые соглашения; макроэкономика и влияние на международную торговлю; торговля и окружающая среда; европейское сельское хозяйство; прямые иностранные инвестиции и торговля переработанной продукцией; конкурентность в глобальной продовольственной экономике; международный маркетинг-анализ возможностей; международный маркетинг -развивая международную стратегию.

Опубликовано на портале: 09-03-2004
В пособии изложен общеметодологический подход к обеспечению устойчивого развития сельских территорий, содержатся рекомендации по формированию роста занятости и доходов сельского населения, включая финансовое оздоровление и реформирование сельскохозяйственных организаций, развитие фермерских сельских хозяйств и т.п.
Пособие предназначено для работников органов управления АПК и сельской местностью, областных администраций, а также для преподавателей вузов и институтов повышения квалификации.