Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 9
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006Ред.: Michelle J. White, Stephen Hill, Colin Mills, Deborah Smeaton
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, cерия "The Future of Work", 232 с.
This book presents new and authoritative evidence about change at the workplace, using it to cast light on recent debates about the future of work. The basic questions it poses are whether, and how, British workplaces are responding to the challenge of change, and what are the implications of change both for managers and employees. Using up-to-date information from 2000 workplaces, it provides a realistic basis for envisaging the changes through the first decade of the 21st century. It is accessible to a wide audience of policy makers, managers, professionals, students and academics.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Harrison C. White
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2004, 416 с.
Winner of the 2004 Viviana Zelizer Distinguished Book Award in Economic Sociology, American Sociological Association. In Markets from Networks, one of America's most influential sociologists unveils a groundbreaking theory of the market economy. Arguing that most economists use overly abstract models of how the economy operates, Harrison White seeks a richer, more empirically based alternative. In doing so, he offers a more lucid, generalized treatment of the market models described in his important earlier work in order to show how any given market is situated in a broader exchange economy. White argues that the key to economic action is that producers seek market niches to maximize profit and minimize competition. As they do so, they base production decisions not only on anticipated costs from suppliers and anticipated demand from buyers, but also by looking at their competitors. In fact, White asserts, producers act less in response to actual demand than by anticipating it: they gauge where competitors have found demand and thus determine what they can do that is similar and yet different enough to give themselves a special niche. Building on these and related insights, White creates new mathematical models of how the economy works and how the interaction of its sectors creates mutual protection from the uncertainties of business. These models provide new ways of accounting for profits, prices, market shares, and other vital economic phenomena. He shows, for example, that prices are determined by the coalescing of local variables rather than set in terms of averages as implied by the ''law'' of supply and demand. The model of ''pure'' competition favored by economics is deficient, he concludes, as it fails to account for the varied circumstances of particular industries. Throughout, White draws extensively on case studies of American businesses and on recent mathematical and sociological work on networks. Rivaling standard economic theories with its rich empirical grounding, sheer originality, and scholarly rigor, Markets from Networks will resonate in economics and economic sociology for years to come. Harrison C. White is Giddings Professor of Sociology at Columbia University. He is the author of Chains of Opportunity: System Models of Mobility in Organizations and Identity and Control: A Structural Theory of Social Action (Princeton).
Albert M. Marxism and socialist theory [Текст] / M. Albert, R. Hahnel. Boston : South End Press, 1981. [книга]
Опубликовано на портале: 08-06-2004
Вниманию читателя предлагаются главы из книги М. Альберта и Х. Робина "Марксизм и социалистическая теория". Как следует из названия, работа посвящена обсуждению проблем марксистской теории в свете "новых" феноменов: расового, этносоциального, гендерного неравенств. Главное внимание в трех главах книги, которые выложены на сайт, поддерживающий учебные курсы Э. О. Райта, уделено традиционным для марксистского классового анализа проблемам отношений общества, родства, общности и истории.
Mastering Basic Management [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-06-2007E.C. Eyre, Richard Pettinger
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, 308 с.
Mastering Basic Management is a fully comprehensive introduction to the principles and practice of management. This edition has been extensively revised to incorporate the latest developments in management thinking, and to include the effects on managerial practice and activities of the European Union, and globalisation of business. It also makes substantial reference to the changes in public services, and increased activity in the not-for-profit sector
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Patricia Ranft
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "The New Middle Ages", 272 с.
Historians have long noted the intense debates nineteenth- and twentieth-century scholars had over the concept of work, but few are aware of the medieval debates over work that set the stage for modern discussions. Indeed, medieval society established the framework within which modern Western ideas about work have grown. It is essential, therefore, that we learn what medieval thinkers had to say on the subject. This study addresses this need by examining the thought of Peter Damian and numerous other religious leaders and groups of the High Middle Ages for evidence of their contributions. The result is a deepening of our historical understanding of the concept of work as well as widening our appreciation of the modern world's debt to medieval society.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007David Coates
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000, 320 с.
The contemporary debate on economic policy is dominated by the issue of 'which model of capitalism works best'. Which model/models worked best in the past? Which, if any, will work best in the future? This wide-ranging and ambitious study offers the first systematic and multi-disciplinary answer to these key questions. Focusing on the US, UK, Japanese, German and Swedish economies, it documents the degree to which the postwar performance of each was affected by the strength of labour movements, the quality of education and training, the dominance of particular cultural systems, the organization of industry and finance, and the role of the state. In so doing, it effectively challenges prevailing orthodoxies on how capitalist economies function, and demonstrates the inadequacy of existing policy mixes.Wide ranging in its scholarship and radical in its argument, Models of Capitalism brings the story of each leading economy up to the new millennium and into the age of global capital. It explores the impact of globalization on each model in turn, and explains the diminution in labour rights and working conditions which is now evident in all of them. Breaking down the barriers between social science disciplines and written in a style accessible to the general reader, this study is destined to become a major point of reference for those seeking civilized ways of organizing economic activity in the twenty-first century.This book is suitable for second- and third-year undergraduate students and postgraduate scholars in political science, economics, management studies and sociology, including those pursuing courses on political economy, industrial relations and trade unions.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Mauro F. Guillén
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 1994, 432 с.
In this book, Mauro F. Guillén explores differing historical patterns in the adoption of the three major models of organizational management: scientific management, human relations, and structural analysis. Moving beyond Reinhard Bendix's classic Work and Authority, Models of Management takes a fresh look at how managers have used these models in four countries during the twentieth century. Guillén's study of two liberal-democratic societies (the United States and Great Britain) and two corporatist societies (Germany and Spain) reveals significant differences in the way managerial elites and firms have adopted the three models. His data show that ideas themselves—independent of material interests and technology—can cause organizational change. Throughout the book, contrasts between modernist-technocratic and liberal-humanist mentalities, as well as between Protestant and Catholic religious backgrounds, emerge as decisive factors in determining managerial ideology and practice. In addition to analyzing management methods in organizations, Guillén explores larger issues: the interaction among managerial, government, and labor elites; the impact of the state and the professions on managerial behavior; and the role that managers play in modern societies.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Sanford M. Jacoby
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 1998, 360 с.
Winner of the 1998 Taft Labor History Award of the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Books of 1998. In light of recent trends of corporate downsizing and debates over corporate responsibility, Sanford Jacoby offers a timely, comprehensive history of twentieth-century welfare capitalism, that is, the history of nonunion corporations that looked after the economic security of employees. Building on three fascinating case studies of "modern manors" (Eastman Kodak, Sears, and TRW), Jacoby argues that welfare capitalism did not expire during the Depression, as traditionally thought. Rather it adapted to the challenges of the 1930s and became a powerful, though overlooked, factor in the history of the welfare state, the labor movement, and the corporation. "Fringe" benefits, new forms of employee participation, and sophisticated anti-union policies are just some of the outgrowths of welfare capitalism that provided a model for contemporary employers seeking to create productive nonunion workplaces. Although employer paternalism has faltered in recent years, many Americans still look to corporations, rather than to unions or government, to meet their needs. Jacoby explains why there remains widespread support for the notion that corporations should be the keystone of economic security in American society and offers a perspective on recent business trends. Based on extensive research, Modern Manors greatly advances the study of corporate and union power in the twentieth century.
Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006Ред.: Peter J. Buckley
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 376 с.
This book examines the role of knowledge within multinational enterprises and their global networks. It introduces the concept of 'Global Factory' - a framework for the understanding of spatially distributed activities under the control of a focal firm. It examines knowledge transfer processes in MNEs with particular reference to technology transfer to China. It also focuses on the role of foreign direct investment in the transformation of China. It ends with a research agenda.