Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 449
Опубликовано на портале: 13-03-2007Ред.: Thomas Clarke
Изд-во: Routledge, 2004, 320 с.
In the wake of the financial and corporate scandals of recent years, corporate governance increasingly is recognised as being at the heart of understanding how and why businesses are run as they are. But while there are diverse and well-established theories of corporate governance, they are rarely gathered in a coherent and comparative way. This comprehensive reader brings together the most influential writing in the field, with editorial commentary, to provide a uniquely interdisciplinary resource for students and lecturers that underpins contemporary analysis of corporate governance. Topics covered include: the separation of ownership and control, the managerial revolution in business, agency, stewardship and stakeholder theory, globalization and convergence, the critique of shareholder value, post-Enron analysis. Structured to provide an introduction and overview of corporate governance from the classical theories to contemporary controversies, this reader functions either as a stand-alone text, or as a companion to International Corporate Governance, a textbook also authored by Thomas Clarke.
Pension Fund Capitalism [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Gordon Clark
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000, 368 с.
The growth of pension funds has been nothing short of astronomical. Pension funds now dominate the world's financial markets, affecting nations' wealth, community development, and industrial well being. Yet little is known about their structure and organization. Pension funds and their agents in the investment industry control enormous sums of money, profoundly affecting the structure and performance of nation-states and the global economy. At the same time, it is also apparent that many western governments are retreating from the provision of 'public good' once thought essential to the fabric of urban life. Clark agues that if we are to understand the long-term future of the western economies (in general) and our communities (in particular), we need also to understand how institutional investors allocate assets, mobilize funds, and make investment decisions. There are few studies of the relationship between pension funds and the financial services industry. Pension Fund Capitalism fills an important gap in the literature as well as the intersection between pension funds and public policy.
Опубликовано на портале: 06-11-2007Gregory Clark
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 440 с.
Why are some parts of the world so rich and others so poor? Why did the Industrial Revolution--and the unprecedented economic growth that came with it--occur in eighteenth-century England, and not at some other time, or in some other place? Why didn't industrialization make the whole world rich--and why did it make large parts of the world even poorer? In A Farewell to Alms, Gregory Clark tackles these profound questions and suggests a new and provocative way in which culture--not exploitation, geography, or resources--explains the wealth, and the poverty, of nations. Countering the prevailing theory that the Industrial Revolution was sparked by the sudden development of stable political, legal, and economic institutions in seventeenth-century Europe, Clark shows that such institutions existed long before industrialization. He argues instead that these institutions gradually led to deep cultural changes by encouraging people to abandon hunter-gatherer instincts-violence, impatience, and economy of effort-and adopt economic habits-hard work, rationality, and education. The problem, Clark says, is that only societies that have long histories of settlement and security seem to develop the cultural characteristics and effective workforces that enable economic growth. For the many societies that have not enjoyed long periods of stability, industrialization has not been a blessing. Clark also dissects the notion, championed by Jared Diamond in Guns, Germs, and Steel, that natural endowments such as geography account for differences in the wealth of nations. A brilliant and sobering challenge to the idea that poor societies can be economically developed through outside intervention, A Farewell to Alms may change the way global economic history is understood. Gregory Clark is chair of the economics department at the University of California, Davis. He has written widely about economic history.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Ред.: Ben Clift, Jonathan Perraton
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 312 с.
Differences in the way national economies are organized have been highlighted in academic and policy debates. Where are National Capitalisms Now? provides studies of key national economies, examining both enduring features of their economic institutions and how these have changed in response to international economic integration and divergent performance. Drawing on a wide range of sources, the contributors provide a comprehensive, up-to-date assessment of different national models of capitalism, how they operate and how they affect the fortunes of their citizens.
Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007David Coates
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000, 320 с.
The contemporary debate on economic policy is dominated by the issue of 'which model of capitalism works best'. Which model/models worked best in the past? Which, if any, will work best in the future? This wide-ranging and ambitious study offers the first systematic and multi-disciplinary answer to these key questions. Focusing on the US, UK, Japanese, German and Swedish economies, it documents the degree to which the postwar performance of each was affected by the strength of labour movements, the quality of education and training, the dominance of particular cultural systems, the organization of industry and finance, and the role of the state. In so doing, it effectively challenges prevailing orthodoxies on how capitalist economies function, and demonstrates the inadequacy of existing policy mixes.Wide ranging in its scholarship and radical in its argument, Models of Capitalism brings the story of each leading economy up to the new millennium and into the age of global capital. It explores the impact of globalization on each model in turn, and explains the diminution in labour rights and working conditions which is now evident in all of them. Breaking down the barriers between social science disciplines and written in a style accessible to the general reader, this study is destined to become a major point of reference for those seeking civilized ways of organizing economic activity in the twenty-first century.This book is suitable for second- and third-year undergraduate students and postgraduate scholars in political science, economics, management studies and sociology, including those pursuing courses on political economy, industrial relations and trade unions.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Ред.: David Coates
New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 312 с.
Though the emerging sub-discipline of comparative political economy is now rich in studies of different advanced capitalisms, it still lacks a systematic consideration of the organizing frameworks and methodologies underpinning those studies. This definitive volume outlines the two great debates currently shaping the analysis of advanced capitalism. It makes the case for a greater awareness of underlying theoretical issues in the design of empirical research, and demonstrates the value of exploring the interconnections between competing intellectual approaches.
Are Skills the Answer? The Political Economy of Skill Creation in Advanced Industrial Countries [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Colin Crouch, David Finegold, Mari Sako
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 296 с.
This study of vocational education in advanced industrial countries contributes to two different areas of debate. The first is the study of the diversity of institutional forms taken by modern capitalism, and the difficulties currently surrounding the survival of that diversity. Rather than analysing economic institutions and governance in general, the authors specifically focus upon the key area of skill creation. The second theme is that of vocational education and training in its own right. While sharing the consensus that the advanced countries must secure competitive advantage in a global economy by developing highly-skilled work forces, the authors draw attention to certain awkward aspects of this approach that are often glossed over in general debate: 1. The employment-generating power of improvements in skill levels is limited: employment policy cannot depend fully on education policies; 2. While the acquisition of skills has become a major public need, there is increasing dependence for their provision on individual firms, with government action being restricted to residual care for the unemployed, rather than contributing at the leading edge of advanced skills policy. Covering France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden, the UK, and the USA, this book provides a unique approach to education and training within the broader political and economic environment. As such, it will appeal to students, teachers, and practitioners concerned with vocational training, human resource management, industrial relations, and the sociology of the economy.
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006Graham Crow, Sue Heath
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 288 с.
This book is concerned with the significance of time in work and everyday life. The contributors are among the foremost authorities in the field, and their up-to-date contributions consider the changing social meanings that time has in work, leisure and everyday routines. Together they provide a combination of theoretical and empirically-based approaches that reveal the social significance of time in all aspects of everyday lives.
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006Ред.: Pepper D. Culpepper, Peter A. Hall, Bruno Palier
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "French Politics, Society and Culture", 336 с.
How do European states adjust to international markets? Why do French governments of both left and right face a crisis of public confidence? In this book, leading experts on France chart the dramatic changes that have taken place in its polity, economy and society since the 1980s and develop an analysis of social change relevant to all democracies. Exploring immigration, industrial relations, generational conflict, and politics, they find the roots of discontent in the transformation of a society exemplifying a 'new' Europe.
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Ред.: Harry F. Dahms
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000, cерия "Main Trends of the Modern World", 496 с.
A diverse, complex, and stable, yet volatile system, capitalism has undergone fundamental transformations over the twentieth century. Entrepreneurial capitalism has become increasingly managerial and corporate in nature. The influence of laissez-faire policies waned for decades, only to experience a renaissance. No longer dominated by industrial production, capitalist economies are now based on information technologies and geared toward supplying services. An economy based on individual companies is being replaced by complex relationships between state, economy, and multinational corporations. Modern capitalism is by no means monolithic - witness the differences among American, British, German, French, Italian, Japan, and Korean capitalisms. Moreover, the emergence of distinctive global concentrations of capitalism has subverted the idea of a global economy as a unified and homogeneous system. Focusing on the structural shifts in advanced political economies, this volume brings to light trends that occur 'below' the surface of economic activity. The essays identify the basic patterns of those transformations and their implications - social, political, and economic - for contemporary and future capitalisms
Long March to Capitalism. Embourgeoisment, Internationalization and Industrial Transformation in India [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006Anthony P. D'Costa
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, 264 с.
The author captures the evolution of Indian industrial capitalism by extending the 'models of capitalism' and 'regulation framework'. Using principally the auto industry and anchoring the analysis to the expansion of markets, he demonstrates that the Indian state and businesses have been important institutions for creating markets. He acknowledges significant market growth, but also underscores several contradictions arising from such capitalist development. There is a wealth of data, which scholars, policymakers, and businesses will find very useful.
Finance Capitalism Unveiled: Finance Capitalism Unveiled: Banks and the German Political Economy [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-03-2007Richard Deeg
Изд-во: University of Michigan Press, 1999, 328 с.
If we are moving toward one global financial market, will all national financial systems that determine how businesses raise money look the same? Richard Deeg argues that, despite financial market integration and considerable harmonization in the regulation of financial markets, the traditional structure and economic functions of national financial systems are not inevitably undermined. Using the case of Germany--a country with a strong and distinctive financial sector that is at the center of the pressures of economic integration--the author shows how the unique aspects of the German financial sector and its relationship to the German economy have persisted notwithstanding powerful pressures to change. Posing the German model of coordinated capitalism in which banks play an important role in shaping both firm behavior and the possibilities for state intervention in the economy against the liberal model of the United States and Britain in which the securities markets play a much greater role than banks, Deeg shows how the German model has survived competitive pressures in the international economic system that have pushed Germany--and other countries--toward the liberal model. This book will appeal to political scientists and economists interested in international financial markets, globalization, and the comparative study of domestic financial markets, as well as in German politics and the German economy. Richard Deeg is Assistant Professor of Political Science, Temple University.
Цивилизация Возрождения [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2009Jean Delumeau
Екатеринбург: АСТ Москва, 2008, cерия "Великие цивилизации", 720 с.
Книга одного из самых известных французских историков выражает современный взгляд на эпоху Возрождения, соединенную многочисленными нитями с предшествующими столетиями и удивительным образом предваряющую наше время. В эту эпоху впервые на передний план выдвигается личность, женщина, ребенок, образование, финансы, религия и искусство. Огромная энергия, толкающая к новым берегам, страстная жажда славы и познания собственной человеческой природы - такова эпоха, породившая Эразма и Рабле, Лютера и Томаса Мора, Жанну д'Арк и Николая Кузанского, Микеланджело и Рафаэля. Книга рассчитана на специалистов - историков и искусствоведов, и на самый широкий круг читателей.
Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007Ред.: Paul DiMaggio
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2003, 288 с.
Students of management are nearly unanimous (as are managers themselves) in believing that the contemporary business corporation is in a period of dizzying change. This book represents the first time that leading experts in sociology, law, economics, and management studies have been assembled in one volume to explain the varying ways in which contemporary businesses are transforming themselves to respond to globalization, new technologies, workforce transformation, and legal change. Together their essays, whose focal point is an emerging network form of organization, bring order to the chaotic tumble of diagnoses, labels, and descriptions used to make sense of this changing world. Following an introduction by the editor, the first three chapters--by Walter Powell, David Stark, and Eleanor Westney--report systematically on change in corporate structure, strategy, and governance in the United States and Western Europe, East Asia, and the former socialist world. They separate fact from fiction and established trend from extravagant extrapolation. This is followed by commentary on them: Reinier Kraakman affirms the durability of the corporate form; David Bryce and Jitendra Singh assess organizational change from an evolutionary perspective; Robert Gibbons considers the logic of relational contracting in firms; and Charles Tilly probes the deeper historical context in which firms operate. The result is a revealing portrait of the challenges that managers face at the dawn of the twenty-first century and of how the diverse responses to those challenges are changing the nature of business enterprise throughout the world.
Chinese Capitalism, 1522-1840 [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2007Ред.: Xu Dixin, Wu Chengming
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999, cерия "Studies on the Chinese Economy", 560 с.
This book is a unique contribution by China's leading economic historians to the study of the country's economic history. It is an impressive summing-up of the evidence, collected over a period of more than twenty years, on the much debated question: Did capitalism emerge in China before the coming of the West? The immense historical sweep runs from the late Ming dynasty through the early and middle Qing period to the first Opium War in 1840. Evidence is presented of the existence (minimal in the case of agriculture) of embryonic capitalism in commerce and in nearly twenty branches of the handicraft industry. The production methods in each are briefly described, but the main focus is on the nature of capital, employment and the control of production. The book concludes with overviews of the reasons why the development of capitalism was weak and retarded, and discusses the role it nevertheless played in the Chinese economy in the subsequent period.