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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 8



Опубликовано на портале: 07-09-2006
Health and illness are intensely personal matters. It seems self evident that health is a basic necessity of the 'good life', though it is often taken for granted. Illness, on the other hand challenges our sense of security and may introduce acute anxiety into our lives. Health and Illness in a Changing Society provides a lively and critical account of the impact of social change on the experience of health and illness. It also examines the different sociological perspectives that have been used to analyse health matters. While some of the ideas developed in the last twenty years remain relevant to social research in health today, many are in need of urgent revision.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
William Cockerham
London, New York: Routledge, 1999
For the first time, life expectancy is declining in an industrialized society. In this pioneering work, William C. Cockerham examines the social causes of the decline in life expectancy beginning in the 1960s including: Russia, Poland, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic and East Germany. "Health and Social Change in Russia and Eastern Europe" argues that the roots of this change are mainly social rather than biomedical - the result of poor policy decisions, stress and an unhealthy diet. Cockerham presents a theory of postmodern social change that goes beyond the borders of Eastern Europe.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2007
David Kelleher, S.M. Hillier
London: Routledge, 1996, 257 с.
There are concerns about the poor health and prevalence of chronic illness among a number of ethnic minority populations. There are also debates about how best to improve the situation. For some, the answer is to see their experiences as part of the general social class inequality in health. However recent evidence questions the extent to which social class can explain the variations in health which ethnic minorities experience. "Researching cultural differences in health" offers a range of accounts of how people in ethnic minority groups perceive and manage their illness. Some of the chapters focus on Bangladeshi, and other South Asian groups, as well as Afro-Caribbeans and Irish people. The illnesses discusses include diabetes, hypertension, sickle-cell disorder, mental illness and coronary heart disease.
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-09-2006
The research presented in this volume varies in its coverage and its approach to issues of social inequality in health and health care delivery. This volume includes both theoretical and quantitative papers, and deals with complex understandings of macro system issues, the impact of the patient and individual factors on health and health care and the impact of the provider and interaction between providers and patients. The first section focuses on macro system issues and includes both more theoretical approaches to the topic and quantitative approaches. The second section includes articles with a greater focus on patient characteristics. These articles vary greatly in their coverage, with some focusing on the US as a whole, and others on specific sections of the US or subgroups within the population such as African American women or the elderly. The third section focuses on providers and issues of social inequality and health care delivery. These papers examine issues of gender, race and poverty as examples of sources of inequality in modern societies. In contrast to the second section, although these papers may pay some attention to individual factors, the focus of the chapters are on aspects of health care providers. Research on providers of care is another long, important research tradition within medical sociology.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Ред.: David Mechanic, Marian Osterweis, Arthur Kleinman
USA: National Academy Press, 1987
Pain--it is the most common complaint presented to physicians. Yet pain is subjective--it cannot be measured directly and is difficult to validate. Evaluating claims based on pain poses major problems for the Social Security Administration (SSA) and other disability insurers. This volume covers the epidemiology and physiology of pain; psychosocial contributions to pain and illness behavior; promising ways of assessing and measuring chronic pain and dysfunction; clinical aspects of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation; and how the SSA's benefit structure and administrative procedures may affect pain complaints.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Catherine Ross, John Mirowsky
USA: Aldine Transaction, 2003
In examining why it is that people with higher socioeconomic status have better health than lower-status individuals, Mirowsky and Ross utilizes their strength in survey research on a broad national scale. Drawing on findings and ideas from many sciences, including demography, economics, social psychology, and the health sciences, they argue that education creates most of the association between higher social status and better health. People who are well educated feel in control of their lives, which encourages a healthy lifestyle. In addition, learned effectiveness, a practical end of that education, enables them to find work that is autonomous and creative, thereby promoting good health. The benefits of education to health are pervasive, cumulative, and self-amplifying, growing across the life course. In this book, the authors challenge received notions in medical sociology and public health, while extending the effects of social stratification.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Richard Wilkinson
London, New York: Routledge, 1996, 272 с.
Among the developed countries it is not the richest societies which have the best health, but those which have the smallest income differences between rich and poor. Inequality and relative poverty have absolute effects: they increase death rates. But why? How can smaller income differences raise average life expectancy? Using examples from the USA, Britain, Japan and Eastern Europe, and bringing together evidence from the social and medical sciences, Unhealthy Socities provides the explanation. Healthy, egalitarian societies are more socially cohesive. They have a stronger community life and suffer fewer of the corrosive effects of inequality. As well as inequality weakening the social fabric, damaging health and increasing crime rates, Unhealthy Societies shows that social cohesion is crucial to the quality of life. The contrast between the material success and social failure of modern societies marks an imbalance which needs attention. The relationship between health and equality suggests that important social needs will go unmet without a larger measure of social and distributive justice.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-05-2004
Коллектив медиков-социологов, врачей-гигиенистов и экономистов освещает различные социальные аспекты здоровья населения страны. В работе обосновывается оперативная роль статистики заболеваемости, динамика заболеваний и связь этих явлений с условиями труда и быта. Дана характеристика отличительных особенностей в заболеваниях мужчин и женщин, а также отдельных возрастных групп. Анализируются основы планирования здравоохранения, пути развития социально-гигиенических исследований, применение статистики для изучения социальных явлений медицины. Большое внимание уделяется конкретным проблемам здоровья: болезням сердца, сосудов, их профилактике и пр.
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